In order of appearance in book:

 Sources for Michael Malloy

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Michael Malloy," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Associated Press. “Slaying of Mike Malloy Was Comedy of Errors.” Sarasota Herald-Tribune. (February 8, 1953).,1255937&hl=en

·   “The durable Mike Malloy.” NY Daily News. (October 14, 2007).

·   Blum, Deborah. “The Legend of Mike 'The Durable' Malloy, History's Most Stubborn Murder Victim.” Gizmodo. (June 15, 2012)

·   Abbott, Karen. “The Man Who Wouldn’t Die.” Smithsonian. (February 7, 2012).


Sources for Lobster Boy

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Grady Stiles," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   CandyGuy. “GRADY STILES JR. - The Murderous Lobster Man.” The Human Marvels. (2014)

·   Martinez, James. “Murder on the Midway: Sordid Life and Death of Lobster Boy : Crime: Family supports wife’s claims of familial abuse, citing incident in which carnival attraction killed daughter’s beau.” Los Angeles Times. (November 6, 1994.)

·   Block, Jonathan. “Infamous freak show attraction 'Lobster Boy' was a 'drunk' who was killed after he and his wife got into a fight, son says” Daily Mail. (May 17, 2014.)

·   Gerhart, Ann. “'He Was Like Satan Himself' Kin Tell Of Beatings By 'Lobster Boy'” (July 29, 1994.)

·   Balogh, Chris. “Gibsonton: Where Carnies Go to Get Away from Civilians.” Vice. (April 4, 2013).

·   Grant, Justin. “Drinking in the carnival culture.” Tampa Bay Times. (October 28, 2011) p 58

·   Richter, Ash M. “Real American Freak Shows.” All Day. (2013) originally accessed at: accessed on 10/13/19 at:


Sources for Oofty Goofty

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Oofty Goofty," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   bhypes. “The Strange Life of Oofty Goofty.” spydersden: Curmudgeonly diatribes, insights, poems, photos, and other interesting and pertinent postings. (July 26, 2011)

·   Quarrington, Tony. “Great San Franciscan Characters #12: Oofty Goofty” Tony Quarrington: Me in My Frightened Silence. (May 17, 2011).

·   Breach, Sam. “Leonard Borchardt’s ‘Oofty Goofty’” Guidelines: SF City Guides. (2012)

·   “Odd Characters in Houston. (No. 4.): Oofty Goofty.” Houston Daily Post. (August 10, 1900) p 8.

·   “Oofty-Goofty: He Has Almost Gotten Through Eating His Thirty Quail.” Houston Daily Post. (January 10, 1897) p. 2

·   Connor, Steve. “The People Who Can’t Feel Pain: Scientists Discover Cause of Rare Inherited Condition That Turns Off Pain Sensors.” Independent (May 25, 2015)


 Sources for David Hahn

·   Hiskey, Daven. “Bananas are Naturally Radioactive.” Today I Found Out: Feed Your Brain. (August 19, 2010)

·   Collins, Laura. “Radioactive Boy lives! Student who sparked panic in 1996 after he built a nuclear reactor in his shed survived and now wants to invent a 100-year light bulb... out of 'safe' irradiated paint” (November 13, 2013). accessed at :

·   Silverstein, Ken. “The Radioactive Boy Scout” Harper's Magazine (November 1998).

·   Associated Press. “’Radioactive Boy Scout’ Charged in Smoke Detector Theft.” Fox News Channel. (August 4, 2007).

·   Silverstein, Ken. The Radioactive Boy Scout: The Frightening True Story of a Whiz Kid and His Homemade Nuclear Reactor. Penguin Random House. (January 11, 2005)

·   Scouterdennis. “Atomic Energy: Merit badge requirements.” (Revised October 2012).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "David Hahn," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for Elvis and Nixon

·   Carlson, Peter. “When Elvis Met Nixon: An Oval Office photograph captured the bizarre encounter between the king of rock and roll and the president” Smithsonian Magazine. (December 2010)

·   Davies, Lucy. “Elvis & Nixon — the true story of how the King met the President” The Telegraph. (June 20, 2016)

·   “The Nixon-Presley Meeting” The National Security Archive (21 December 1970)

·   Laurence, Rebecca. “When Elvis met Nixon: The bizarre story behind this photo.” BBC. (March 29, 2016)

·   Galindo, Brian. “The Bizarre Story Behind The Time Elvis Met Nixon: In late 1970, the "King of Rock and Roll" had an unexpected White House meeting with Tricky Dick.” BuzzFeed. (April 22, 2013)

·   Klein, Christopher. “10 Things You May Not Know About Richard Nixon: Explore 10 surprising facts about America’s 37th president.” History/A&E Television Networks (January 9, 2013, updated August 30, 2018)


Sources for Rainbow Man

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Rollen Stewart," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “Rollen Stewart” A video clip taken from ESPN

·   Russell Rich, Katherine. “End of the Rainbow” (November 30, 1992).

·   Crowe, Jerry. “Rainbow Man’s Dark side keeps him from getting out.” Los Angeles Times. (May 19, 2008). page D2

·   Maharaj, Davan. “‘Rainbow Man’ to Go to Trial Over Stink Bomb Charges” Los Angeles Times. (December 7, 1993)

·    The Rainbow Man/John 3:16. Directed by Sam Green. Other Cinema. (1997).

·   Adelson, Suzanne. “Rockin' Rollen, a Fan Only of God, Takes a Message to Every Game.” (February 1, 1988).

·   Ford, Andrea. “‘Rainbow Man’ Sentenced to 3 Life Terms: Crime: Rollen Stewart, known for his bizarre wig and religious placards, is convicted of taking over a hotel room at LAX and holding a maid hostage.” Los Angeles Times. (July 14, 1993)

·   Thomas, Bryan. “Remembering The 80s ‘Rainbow Man’ Before He Flipped His Freakin’ Wig.” Night Flight. (April 6, 2015).

·   “‘Horrid Bushes of Vanity’: A History of Wigs” Random History and Word Origins for the Curious Mind. (February 24, 2009) originally accessed at: accessed on 10/13/19 at:


Sources for Rube Waddell

·   Brown, Garrick H.S. “Rube Waddell: Pitching Giant, Mental Midget.” ChinMusic #2. Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Goodtimes, Johnny. “Phillies You Should Know: Former Philly Pitcher Phenomenal Smith” Philly Sports History. (December 12, 2014).

·   Dan O’Brien who has written a screenplay based on the life of eccentric Baseball Hall of Famer Rube Waddell. Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Walter, Kaitlin. “George Edward (Rube) Waddell” Penn State University. (Spring 2008). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Niese, Joe. “The Long Way to Philadelphia: The Strange Route Leading Rube Waddell To Join The Philadelphia Athletics” The National Pastime. (2013). accessed at

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Connie Mack," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Rube Waddell," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

·   Kois, Dan. “Explainer: Why Athletes Pee on Their Hands. Does urine really toughen the skin?” Slate. (May 17, 2004) originally accessed at: Accessed on 10/13/19 at:

·   Purdy, Dennis and Tony LaRussa. The Team-By-Team Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball Workman Publishing Company. (2006).

·   Waldo, Ronald T. Honus Wagner and His Pittsburgh Pirates: Scenes from a Golden Era. McFarland & Company (April 7, 2015.)


Sources for Lenny Dykstra

·   Fish, Mike, “Dykstra’s business: a bed of ‘Nails.’”  ESPN. (April 22, 2009).

·   Veneziani, Vince. “The Complete Story Of How Lenny Dykstra Went From The Top Of The World To Living Alone In An Office” Business Insider. (January 19, 2010).

·   Araton, Harvey. “Once-Celebrated Recklessness Leads to Dykstra’s Financial Fall.” New York Times. (July 19, 2011).

·   Coughlin, Kevin. “You Think Your Job Sucks? Try Working for Lenny Dykstra.” GQ. (March 1, 2009).

·   Winton, Richard. “Lenny Dykstra takes plea deal on bankruptcy fraud charges.” Los Angeles Times. (June 28, 2012).

·   Lazo, Alejandro. “Ex-baseball star and bankrupt financial ‘guru’ Dykstra envisions a comeback.” Los Angeles Times. (October 5, 2010).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "1986 World Series," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Bahr, Chris. “Flashback: Buckner becomes Red Sox goat in ’86 World Series meltdown.” Fox Sports. (October 25, 2015)


Sources for Tim "Doc" Anderson

·   Hotten, John. The Years of the Locusts. Yellow Jersey. (May 1, 2008).

·   Hyde, Dave. “Liars, Cheats & Whores.” South Florida Sun Sentinel. (February 2, 1997).

·   Mladinich, Robert. “Clemency for Tim ‘Doc’ Anderson” The Sweet Science. (July 6, 2005).

·   Garber, Greg. “Gastineau ready to put his (track) record behind him.” (2009)

·   McManus, Jane. “Gastineau on Ring of Honor: I’ll likely cry.” (October 5, 2012).

·   The Associated Press. “Ex-Jet Gastineau Is Arrested on L.I.” The New York Times. (December 20, 1992). Section 8, Page 7.

·   “Names in the News” Los Angeles Times. (January 1, 1993).

·   Mladinich, Robert. “From the Belly of the Beast.” (April 29, 2011)

·   Mladinich, Robert.” Doc Anderson Tells It Like It Is: Verse by Verse.” (January 3, 2012).

·   Canton, Steven J. “Tim ‘Doc” Anderson: The Story of an Unfair Trial.” SJC Boxing. (June 19, 2005).

·   The Inquirer Staff. “SI writer defends story about Tex Cobb.” The Philadelphia Inquirer. (May 27, 1999). page D2

·   The Inquirer Staff. “Sports in Brief: Boxing” The Philadelphia Inquirer. (May 1, 1995). Page C3

·   “Sports People: Boxing; Gastineau Plans Career in the Ring.” The New York Times. (August 18, 1989), Section A, Page 26

·   Kaufman, Joanne, Jorgen Salomonsen and Alan Richman. “Gitte Finds Her Mark” People Weekly. (April 04, 1988)

·   The Associated Press “Gastineau's Punch Ends a Career” The New York Times. (April 10, 1992), Section B, Page 15

·   “Sports Illustrated wins appeal over boxing story verdict” Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press. (January 31, 2002)

·   “25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Boxing” Kickass Facts. (June 4, 2014)


Sources for 10 Cent Beer Night

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Ten Cent Beer Night," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Box Score for Game Played on Tuesday, June 4, 1974 (N) at Cleveland Stadium. Retrosheet.

· (page unavailable)

·   Jackson, Paul. “The night beer and violence bubbled over in Cleveland.” ESPN Page 2. (June 4, 2008)

·   Netzel, Andy. “The Experience: Swiping Jeff Borroughs' cap on 10-cent Beer Night” Cleveland Magazine. (May 24, 2007.)

·   10 Cent Beer Night. Hosted by Bob Golic. [video] MLB HD. (June 1, 2014.)

·   Heaton, Michael. “Dan Coughlin recalls the Indians' famous Ten-Cent Beer Night.” (June 4, 2014.)

·   Saethre, Steinar. “Baseball and beer: An independent study.” SUNY Cortland (May 12, 2008)


 Sources for John Brinkley

·   Wikipedia contributors, "John R. Brinkley," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Lane, Penny. “The Strange, True Tale of the Old-Timey Goat Testicle-Implanting Governor” Daily Beast. (September 16, 2014).

·   Flower, Sydney B. The Goat-gland Transplantation: As Originated and Successfully Performed by J. R. Brinkley, M. D., of Milford, Kansas, U. S. A., in Over 600 Operations Upon Men and Women. New Thought Book Department. (1921).

·   “A quack doctor. A million watts. Goat testicles. Hitler. Wolfman Jack. Now, this is radio...” XERF. The Tube Thing.

·   12 Strange Things About Goats: Accents, Mayors and More (Photos): There’s news from the world of science that goats have accents, too.” Daily Beast. (February 16, 2012, updated July 13, 2017)

·   Brock, Pope. Charlatan: America's Most Dangerous Huckster, the Man Who Pursued Him, and the Age of Flimflam. Broadway Books. (2009).

·   Lee, R. Alton. The Bizarre Careers of John R. Brinkley. University Press of Kentucky. (2002).


 Sources for Henry Heimlich

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Henry Heimlich," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “Scientists linked to Heimlich Investigated: Experiment infects AIDS patients in China with malaria.” The Cincinnati Enquirer. (February 16, 2003) p 1

·   Zengerle, Jason. “The Bizarre Life and Times of the Inventor of the Heimlich Maneuver.” The New Republic. (April 23, 2007)

·   Baratz, Robert S. MD, PhD, DDS. “Dr. Henry Heimlich Widely Criticized.” Quackwatch: Your Guide to Quackery, Health Fraud, and Intelligent Decisions. (October 23, 2008)

·   Wikipedia contributors. "Victoria Wells Wulsin: 2005 Malariotherapy controversy." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

·   American Red Cross. “The American Red Cross Unveils Innovative New First Aid and CPR/AED Training Programs.” (April 4, 2006) [Press Release] originally accessed at Accessed on 8/30/2019 at,1077,0_314_5262,00.html

·   Langhelle, A. K. Sunde, L. Wik, and P.A. Steen. “Airway pressure with chest compressions versus Heimlich maneuver in recently dead adults with complete airway obstruction.” Resuscitation: Official Journal of the European Resuscitation Council. (April 2000).

·   AP “Dr. Henry Heimlich, 96, uses his maneuver to save choking woman.” ABC 6 Philadelphia, PA (May 30, 2016)


Sources for Freeman's Lobotomies

·   The Lobotomist. Produced and Directed by Barak Goodman and John Maggio. American Experience. [Documentary] PBS. (Aired January 21, 2008.)

·   Neurophilosophy, “The rise & fall of the prefrontal lobotomy.” ScienceBlogs. July 24, (2007)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Walter Jackson Freeman II," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

·   NPR. “A Lobotomy Timeline.” (November 16, 2005.)

·   Phillips, Michael M. “The Lobotomy files: One Doctor’s Legacy.” A WSJ Special Project. (2013)

·   Day, Elizabeth. “He was bad, so they put an ice pick in his brain...” The Guardian. (January 13, 2008.)

·   El-Hai, Jack. “The Lobotomist” The Washington Post. (February 4, 2001)

·   Listverse Staff. “Top 10 Fascinating And Notable Lobotomies” Listverse. (June 24, 2009.)


Sources for The Stomach Men

·   Wikipedia contributors, "William Beaumont," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Alexis St. Martin," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Edwards, Lissa. “The Gruesome Medical Breakthrough of Dr. William Beaumont on Mackinac Island.” My North. (May 18, 2017).

·   Helms, Robert. “Alexis St. Martin (1794-1880): The Intrepid Guinea Pig of the Great Lakes” Guinea Pig Zero.

·   Ghose, Tia. “Man With Hole in Stomach Revolutionized Medicine.” Live Science. (April 24, 2013)

·   Dean, Jay B. “Inquisitive Doctor, Reluctant Patient: The Story of Alexis St. Martin’s Gastric Fistula & Physiologist, Dr. William Beaumont, Who Discovered Gastric Juice & the Physiology of Digestion (1822-1833)” Mackinac State Historic Parks. (2012) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Purves, William K. “Why don’t our digestive acids corrode our stomach linings?” Scientific American. (October 20, 2003)

·   Karlawish, Jason. Open Wound - The Tragic Obsession of Dr. William Beaumont. University of Michigan Press. (2013).


Sources for Resurrection Men

·   Lovejoy, Bess. “The Gory New York City Riot that Shaped American Medicine: Back before medical school was a respected place to be, New Yorkers raised up in protest over the doctors’ preference for cadavers for study.” (June 17, 2014)

·   Lovejoy, Bess. “Meet Grandison Harris, the Grave Robber Enslaved (and then Employed) By the Georgia Medical College: For 50 years, doctors-in-training learned anatomy from cadavers dug up by a former slave.” (May 6, 2014)

·   Stolze, Dolly. “Bodies in the Basement: The Forgotten Stolen Bones of America’s Medical Schools.” Atlas Obscura (January 22, 2015)

· (page not found, not on archive.og)

·   Wilson, John. “Stanford University School of Medicine and the Predecessor Schools: An Historical Perspective. Part I. Background History & E.S. Cooper's Midwestern Years.” Stanford University School of Medicine: Lane Medical Library. (1998)

·   Onion, Rebecca. “The ‘Cemetery Gun’: One Defense Against Grave Robbers.” Slate. (January 29, 2013)

· (page not found; not on

·   Paijmans, Theo. “The Night Doctors: The Terror Behind The Abduction Phenomenon.” Mysterious Universe. (May 21, 2015)

·   Morris, Richard. “Burial Grounds” (updated October 10, 2019)


Sources for The Flying Pinto

·   Soniak, Matt. “The Flying Pinto That Killed Its Inventor” Mental Floss. (July 30, 2012)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "AVE Mizar," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Niedermeyer, Paul. “Automotive/Aeronautic History: The Pinto’s Brief And Tragic Life As An Airplane.” Curbside Classic. (First posted February 27, 2011).

·   Novak, Matt. “Inventors Die Testing ‘Flying Pinto’ (1973)” Paleofuture: The History of the Future. (July 3, 2009).

·   Dowie, Mark. “Pinto Madness.” Mother Jones. (September/October 1977).

·   Associated Press. “Flying Pinto Crashes.” Santa Cruz Sentinel. (September 12, 1973) p 9

·   Associated Press Wirephoto. “’Hybrid’ Flies” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. (June 27, 1973) p 1

·   Wright, Richard A. “A Brief History of the First 100 Years of the Automobile Industry in the United States.” Wayne State University Department of Communications. (1996)


Sources for Action Park

·   Taber, Nick. “A Brief History of New Jersey’s Deadly Action Park.” New York Magazine. (June 15, 2015).

· (Video unavailable)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Action Park," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “There Was Nothing in the World Like Action Park.” Sometimes Interesting: The abandoned, forgotten, & unexplained. (Feb 7, 2014).

·   Colizza, Christina. “Back in Action: The New Action Park” New Jersey Monthly. (May 29, 2014)

·   DeSaye, Jim. “Blood Sport: Revisiting Traction… Er, Action, Park.” Weird NJ Magazine issue #25. (2005).

·   English, Jason. “Memories of Action Park” Mental Floss. (January 22, 2007)

·   Frye, Patrick. “Roller Coaster Accident Statistics In 2014 Worse Than Risk Of Death By Shark Attack.” Inquisitr. (July 9, 2014)


Sources for The Jackson Cheese

·   Trex, Ethan. “Andrew Jackson's Big Block of Cheese.” Mental Floss. (January 26, 2014.)

·   McNamara, Robert. “Andrew Jackson’s Big Block of Cheese.” ThoughtCo. (Updated July 9, 2019.) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/1/2019 at:

·   “President Andrew Jackson's Big Cheese Tasting.” Letter Signed by President Jackson (February 4, 1837).

·   Bomboy, Scott. “The story of the wildest party in White House history.” Constitution Daily. (March 4, 2013).

·   Fox News. “Fun cheese facts for National Cheese Day.” Fox News Channel (June 4, 2015, updated November 25, 2016)


Sources for The Radium Girls

·   Zz. “Essay: The Radium Girls”

·   Wikipedia contributors. "Radithor." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.

·   Blum, Deborah. “A Dazzle in the Bones” Wired. (March 26, 2011)

·   Rowland, R.E. “Radium in Humans: A Review of U.S. Studies” Argonne National Laboratory operated by The University of Chicago for the United States Department of Energy. (September 1994). Originally accessed at Accessed on 8/29/19 at

·   Hiskey, Daven. “Glowing In The Dark, The ‘Radium Girls.’” Today I found Out. (June 12, 2014)

·   Blum, Deborah. “The Radium Girls” Wired. (March 24, 2011)

·   Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of Science Education. “It’s Elemental: The Element Radium.”

·   Marie Curie – Biographical. Nobel Media.

·   Fröman, Nanny. “Marie and Pierre Curie and the discovery of polonium and radium.” Originally delivered as a lecture at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden, on (February 28, 1996.)

· (video no longer available)

·   “The Poisoner’s Handbook” American Experience. PBS (WGBH) (January 7, 2014). [Television]

·   Office of the Historian. “U.S. Entry into World War I, 1917” United States Department of State.


Sources for Straw Hat Riot

·   “The Top-Hat in 1797.” Huddersfield Chronicle. (January 24, 1899) posted by The British Library Board.

·   “CITY HAS WILD NIGHT OF STRAW HAT RIOTS; Gangs of Young Hoodlums With Spiked Sticks Terrorize Whole Blocks. VICTIMS RUN THE GAUNTLET Youths Line Car Tracks and Snatch--Mob of 1,000 Dispersed on Amsterdam Avenue.” The New York Times. (September 16, 1922) p 8

·   “Straw Hat Smashing Orgy Bares Heads From Battery to Bronx: Stores Do Thriving Business, but Many Youthful Marauders Are Arrested and Seven are Spanked at Station by Irate Parents.” The New York Tribune. (September 16, 1922). p 3

·   The Associated Press. “Straw Hat Riots Keep N.Y. Finest Chasing Hoodlums.” The Deseret News. (September 14, 1922).,1489569&dq=straw-hat+riot&hl=en

·   “STRAW HAT RIOTS EMBROIL EAST SIDE; Courts and Police Give Warning of Jail After Thousands of Skypieces Are Smashed. 7 WRECKERS ARE CONVICTED Man Has a Right to Wear a Straw Hat in a Snowstorm, Rules Magistrate Hatting.” The New York Times. (September 14, 1922) originally accessed at: accessed on 10/13/2019 at:

·   Lewis, Dan. “The Last Straw.” Now I Know: That’s Half the Battle! (September 20, 2012).

·   Various forum contributors. “What were the origins of the ‘Straw hat Riot’ of 1922? Why were straw hats considered such a big deal?” Reddit: AskHistorians. Original question asked by elencus (2015).

·   “The Straw Hat Riots.” The Pittsburgh Press. (September 15, 1910). p 30,3136231&dq=straw-hat+riot&hl=en

·   Kincaid, Andrew. “The Fashion Faux Pas That Started a Riot: The Straw Hat Riot of 1922.” Oddly Historical. (February 1, 2014) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/7/19 at:

·   Joselit, Jenna Weissman A Perfect Fit: Clothes, Character, and the Promise of America Henry Holt and Company. (2014).

·   The Associated Press. “Straw Hat Riots Keep N.Y. Finest Chasing Hoodlums.” The Deseret News. (September 14, 1922).,1489569&dq=straw-hat+riot&hl=en


Sources for Eggnog Riot

·   Agnew, James B. Eggnog Riot: the Christmas Mutiny at West Point. Presidio Press, (1979).

·   Funck, Carol S. “The Eggnog Riot.” US Military History Institute. (December 22, 2010)

·   Geiling, Natasha. “Egg Nog: It's All Fun and Games Until Someone Starts a Holiday Riot.” (December 19, 2013)

·   Legro, Michelle. “The Eggnog Riot” Lapham’s Quarterly. (December 24, 2012)

·   Stuff You Missed in History Class: The Podcast. "Eggnog Riot" Stuff Media LLC. (December 24, 2014).

·   Trex, Ethan. “Eggnog: Everything you need to know.” Mental Floss (December 8, 2010)


Sources for Newport Sex Scandal

·   Murphy, Lawrence R.  Perverts by Official Order: The Campaign Against Homosexuals by the United States Navy.  The Haworth Press, Inc. (1988)

·   Confino, Arielle. “FDR’s Dark Anti-Gay Legacy in Newport.” GoLocalProv. (September 29, 2014.)

·   Alienist and neurologist Editor. “Homo Sexual Complexion Perverts In St. Louis: Note on a Feature of Sexual Psychopathy.” Alienist and neurologist: A quarterly journal of scientific, clinical and forensic psychiatry and neurology.  Volume XXVIII. (1907). pp 487-488

·   Brawley, Stephen. “Timeline 1900-1960s” St. Louis LGBT History Project.

·   Loughery, John. The Other Side of Silence: Men’s Lives and Gay Identities: A Twentieth-Century History.  Henry Holt & Company. (1998).

·   Boag, Peter. “Portland Vice Scandal (1923-1913).” The Oregon Encyclopedia.

·   Bérubé’, Allan. The History of Gay Bathhouses. Journal of Homosexuality. (2003). 44:3-4, 33-53, DOI: 10.1300/J082v44n03_03. Excerpted at

·   Painter, George. “The Sensibilities of Our Forefathers: The History of Sodomy Laws in the United States.” Gay & Lesbian Archives of the Pacific Northwest. (1991-2005).

· (website not found; not on

·   Manaday, Margot. “We Colonials: Sodomy Laws in America: William Eskridge's Dishonorable Passions is the first comprehensive history of sodomy law in America.” The Nation. (September 3, 2008).

·   LGBT Issues Committee of the Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry (GAP). “Medicalizing Sexual Inversion”. Association of Gay & Lesbian Psychiatrists.

·   Various Authors. Compilation of articles on homosexuality. Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Mancini, Mark. “15 Things You Might Not Know About the YMCA.” Mental Floss. (January 4, 2018)


Sources for Vampire Panic

·   Wikipedia contributors, "New England vampire panic," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Stephens, Rockwell. “…They Burned the Vampire’s Heart to Ashes.” Vermont Life. (Fall, 1966.) pp. 47-49. Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Mercy Brown vampire incident," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Tucker, Abigail. “The Great New England Vampire Panic” Smithsonian Magazine. (October 2012)

·   Tucker, Abigail. “Meet the Real-Life Vampires of New England and Abroad” Smithsonian Magazine. (October 2012.)

·   Stork, Charlotte Brown, MD. “Why a Doctor Wants You to Know These 9 Crucial Facts About Tuberculosis.” Reader’s Digest/The Healthy. (March 20, 2015, updated April 16, 2016)

·   Guiley, Rosemary. The Encyclopedia of Vampires, Werewolves, and Other Monsters. Infobase Publishing, (2004.)

·   “D’Agostino, Thomas. A History of Vampires in New England. The History Press. (September 24, 2010)


Sources for Mike the Chicken

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Mike the Headless Chicken," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Mike the Headless Chicken Festival – Fruita, CO. “History” City of Fruita. (2015). originally accessed: accessed 9/5/2019:

·   Crew, Bec. “Meet Miracle Mike, the Colorado Chicken who lived for 18 Months Without His Head.” Scientific American. (September 26, 2014).

·   Lawler, Andrew and Jerry Adler “How the Chicken Conquered the World: The epic begins 10,000 years ago in an Asian jungle and ends today in kitchens all over the world.” Smithsonian Magazine. (June 2012)

·   Zielinski, Sarah. “14 Fun Facts About Chickens: #5: With 25 billion chickens in the world, there are more of them than any other bird species” (August 31, 2011)


The Death of George Washington

·   Vadakan, Vibul V. MD, FAAP. “The Asphyxiating and Exsanguinating Death of President George Washington.” Presented at the Annual Miranda Lecture Series of Kaiser Permanente Bakersfield (2002). The Permanente Journal. Volume 8 No. 2. Spring 2004.

·   Markel, Dr. Howard. “Dec. 14, 1799: The excruciating final hours of President George Washington.”  PBS NewsHour. (December 14, 2014).

·   Mandal, Dr. Ananya MD. “History of Blood Transfusion.” (2017).

·   Thompson, Mary V. “Death Defied: Rather than let George Washington's body be submitted permanently to the grave, Dr. William Thornton, a friend and prominent physician, proposed a plan to "resuscitate" the recently deceased body of George Washington.” Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association.

·   “Bloodletting is back! Here’s everything you need to know about this ancient practice” Medtech. (2011) originally accessed at: accessed on 10/13/19 at:

·   Rudmann, Sally V. Textbook of Blood Banking and Transfusion Medicine. Elsevier/Saunders. (2005)


Sources for The Dolphin

·   Wikipedia contributors, "John C. Lilly," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Waters, Florence. “The woman who lived in sin with a dolphin” The Telegraph. (May 30, 2014)

·   Steinfeld, Alan. “Sex and Drugs with Whales and Dolphins: interview with Dr. John Lilly and Kutera Decosta.” New Realities. (March 19, 1997). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/4/19 at:

·   Riley, Christopher. “The dolphin who loved me: the NASA-funded project that went wrong.” The Guardian. (June 2014.)

·   The Girl Who Talked to Dolphins. Christopher Riley, Director. BBC Four [documentary] Shadow Industries. 2014.

·   Hooper, Judith. “Interview with John Lilly” Omni magazine. January (1983). or

·   Gorightly, Adam. “John Lilly, Ketamine and the Entities from ECCO.” Illuminati Conspiracy Archive

·   Lehnardt, Karin. “69 Interesting Dolphin Facts.” Fact Retriever: Interesting facts for the curious mind. (April 11, 2017, updated April 14, 2019)


Sources for The Hippo Bill

·   Davis, Lauren. “The Remarkable Early 20th Century Plan to Farm Hippopotamuses in the US.” Gizmodo. (January 2, 2014).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Fritz Joubert Duquesne," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Miller, Greg. “The Crazy, Ingenious Plan To Bring Hippopotamus Ranching To America” Wired. (December 20, 2013).

·   Eplett, Layla. “The Hunger Game Meat: How Hippos Nearly Invaded American Cuisine: Don't have a cow but, at one point in history, it could have been that Americans weren't having cows at all. Had the country's cuisine gone on a different trajectory, Americans may have all been eating hippo meat instead.” Scientific American. (March 27, 2014).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Frederick Russell Burnham," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “Hippo.” Out to Africa with Ellen and Paul. With Permission from the African Wildlife Foundation. (2010)

·   Mooallem, Jon. “American Hippopotamus” The Atavist Magazine no. 32


Sources for George Spencer

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Execution of George Spencer," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Vitelli, Romeo, Ph.D. “The Trial of George Spencer,” James Randi Educational Foundation. (July 25, 2013).

·   Burgan, Michael. “In a Pig’s Eye.” The History Nerd. (December 29, 2009).

·   The brains behind QI, the BBC quiz show. “QI: Quite interesting facts about pigs” The Telegraph. (November 24, 2011)


Sources for Kentucky Meat Shower

·   Soniak, Matt. “That Time it Rained Flesh in Kentucky” Mental Floss. (October 24, 2014).

·   Crew, Bec. “The Great Kentucky Meat Shower mystery unwound by projectile vulture vomit.” Scientific American. (December 1, 2014.)

·   Brandeis, Leopold. “The Kentucky Shower of Flesh.” The American Journal of Microscopy and Popular Science. Vol 1 No. 5. (April 1876) p 54

·   “The Kentucky Meat Shower.” The American Journal of Microscopy and Popular Science. Vol 1 No. 7. (June 1876) p 84

·   Kastenbine, L.D., M.D. “The Kentucky Meat Shower.” Louisville Medical News. Vol 1 No. 21 (May 20, 1876). p 254-255;view=1up;seq=263

·   Special Dispatch to the New-York Times. “Flesh Descending In A Shower; An Astounding Phenomenon In Kentucky--Fresh Meat Like Mutton Or venison Falling From A Clear Sky.” The New York Times.  (March 10, 1876) p 1

·   Lombardi, Linda. “10 Fascinating Facts About Vultures.” Vet Street. (September 5, 2013)