Sources Ep 181 - Martin Tabert and Convict Leasing

·   Benns, Whitney. “American Slavery, Reinvented.” The Atlantic. (September 21, 2015.) Web. May 14, 2016. in-america/406177/

·   Gilmore, Kim. “Slavery and Prison - Understanding the Connections.” History is a Weapon. (2007)

·   Prison Policy Initiative. [good source of graphs on various prison statistics]

·   Associated Press. “Man is given 20 years in Tabert Case.” The Milwaukee Sentinel. (July 8, 1923)

·   Associated Press. “Plan to Visit Taber Grave.” St. Petersburg Times. (April 25, 1923.)

·   Boyle, Louise. “America’s only female chain gang: The women who pull weeds and bury unclaimed bodies in Arizona desert to avoid 23 hours of lock-down in country’s ‘toughest jail.’” Daily (June 28, 2012.)

·   Browne, Jaron. “Rooted in Slavery: Prison Labor Exploitation” Race, Poverty & the Environment (Spring 2007) pp 42-44.

·   Carper, N. Gordon. “Martin Tabert, Martyr of an Era”. The Florida Historical Quarterly 52.2 (1973): 115–131.

·   “Martin Tabert Letters.” Digital Horizons: Life on the Northern Plains. (January 20, 1921.)

·   Rothwell, Jonathan. “Drug offenders in American prisons: The critical distinction between stock and flow.” Brookings: Social Mobility Memo. (November 25, 2015. Web. May 22, 2016.)

·   Shofner, Jerrell H. “Postscript to the Martin Tabert Case: Peonage as usual in the Florida Turpentine Camps.” The Florida Historical Quarterly 60.2 (1981): 161–173.

·   “The Ugly Convict Lease System” St. Petersburg Times (December 27, 1964) pp. 15.

·   “Whipping Boss Admits Job.” Decatur Review. (April 19, 1923.)


Sources Ep 182 - Dentist Painless Parker

·   “Painless Parker Makes Complaint: Dentist Says His Witnesses in Damage Suits Aggregating $60,000 are Being Influenced.” The Oregon Daily Journal. (February 21, 1915.) p 13

·   Los Angeles Times Washington Post Service. “Court Clears ‘Painless’ Dentist’s Reputation.” Albuquerque Journal (March 2, 1979) p C6

·   Parker, Painless. “You Appreciate My Guarantee.” [advertisement] Oakland Tribune. (September 14, 1913.) p 10.

·   Parker, Painless, Dentist. “Let the Galled Jades Wince: More Inside Facts About How The Dental Trust Would Suppress Free Speech in Oakland.” Oakland Tribune. (February 2, 1915) p 11.

·   “Hardships on Yacht Rival Rogers’ Trip: Mutiny, Starvation, Storms, Desertion, Beset Dr. Painless Parker.” Sausalito News. (October 3, 1925.) p 1

·   Pronych, Peter and Arden Christen. The Early Adventures of Painless Parker. Lancelot Press. (January 1, 1996.)

·   Wynbrandt, James. The Excruciating History of Dentistry: Toothsome Tales & Oral Oddities from Babylon to Braces. Macmillan. (August 17, 2000.)

·   Ruane, Michael E. “When dentists too their pound of pain: Painless Parker may be grinning, but most of the ghosts of dentistry past are probably groaning, to judge from the devices and lore at Temple University’s dental museum.” The Philadelphia Inquirer. (March 10, 1989) p B1, B4.

·   Meier, Allison. “Curious Fact of the Week: When Dental Work Came With Song, Dance, and Cocaine.” Atlas Obscura. (January 13, 2014.)


Sources for Ep. 183 - The Norco Shootout

·   Pigeon, Shirlee. “The Norco Bank Robbery. May 9, 1980.” Riverside Sheriff’s Association. (2006) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   Norco Bank Robbery Documentary, part 1 of 3. produced by Lt. Vic Theis, Sgt. Ron Flathers and Officer Rolf Parkes, Irvine Police Dept. Special Operations Unit. (1982; published to YouTube on February 11, 2013),

·   Ayoub, Massad. “Tactical Lessons from the Norco Bank Robbery.” Hendon Media Group. (2010.)

·   Valdemar, Richard. “Survivalists and the Harrowing Norco Bank Robbery: The young men who engaged California law enforcement officers in a running gun battle in May of 1980 didn't fit the traditional street-gang model, yet presented a deadly threat.” Police: The Law Enforcement Magazine. (2011) Originally accessed at Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   O&, Patrick. “Inland horse-betting center facing delays.” Orange County Register. (March 2, 2016.)

·   Hicks, Larry. “Probe continues in fatal shootout.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 12, 1980) p. A1, A5

·   May, Tina. “‘They were weird’: Neighbors wondered about suspects home—barbed wire, nails on the fence, underground room.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 12, 1980) p. A1, A5

·   Hicks, Larry. “Did bank suspect die by his own gun?” San Bernardino County Sun (May 13, 1980) p. A1, A3

·   Ashby, Alan. “Robbery suspects will be tried in Riverside County.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 13, 1980) p. B1, B3

·   Ashby, Alan. “31 cars damaged in chase.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 13, 1980) p. B1, B3

·   Pray, LoVae. “Slain deputy buried—1,200 attend rites.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 14, 1980) p. A1,A5

·   Martinez, Rick. “Man fingered as bank robber asks ‘Why me?’” San Bernardino County Sun (May 14, 1980) p. B1, B4

·   Dent, Skye. “Search turns up weapon.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 14, 1980) p. B1, B4

·   Dent, Skye. “Robbery suspects charged in court.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 15, 1980) p. C1, C5

·   Ellis, Howard. “In Memorium” San Bernardino County Sun (May 15, 1980) p. C3

·   “3rd suspect gets date in court.” San Bernardino County Sun (May 16, 1980) p. B1


SOURCES FOR Ep 184 - Brooklyn Bridge Crushing

·   “Dead on the New Bridge; Fatal Crush at the Western Approach.” The New York Times. (May 31, 1883) p 1.

·   Wallach, Alex. “Rumor of Brooklyn Bridge Collapse Sparked Fatal Stampede During Opening Week.” Untapped Cities. (October 23, 2013)

·   McNamara, Robert. “Brooklyn Bridge Disaster: Soon After Bridge's Opening, a Panicked Crowd Turned Deadly.” ThoughtCo. (2014; updated November 20, 2018.) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "List of bridge failures," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Washington Roebling," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "John A. Roebling," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for Ep 185 - Con Man Victor Lustig.

·   Maysh, Jeff. Handsome Devil. Amazon Digital Services - a Kindle Single. (March 14, 2016.)

·   Lustig, Betty Jean and Nanci Garrett. From Paris to Alcatraz The true, untold story of one of the most notorious con-artists of the twentieth century – Count Victor Lustig. Xlibris (December 8, 2011.)


Sources for Ep. 186 - Dillinger's Penis

·   Braswell, Sean. “John Dillinger’s Legendary Penis.” Ozy. (June 25, 2015)

· Editors. “John Dillinger (1903-1934)” A&E Television Networks/ (April 2, 2014.)

·   Baker, Ronald L. Hoosier Folk Legends. Indiana University Press. (1982)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "John Dillinger," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Carlson, Peterson “Rest in Pieces: The Dillinger Legend.” The Washington Post. (January 24, 2006) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:


Sources for Ep 187 - History of Bowling in America

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Bowling Headliners," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Action Stories by Lenny “The Cane” Dwoskin. Action Bowlers. (2012)

·   Manzione, Gianmarc. “When Thugs and Hustlers Ruled Dark Alleys.” The New York Times. (November 9, 2012) p B10

·   Radosta, John S. “Gimmicks Brighten Pro Bowling Image. The New York Times. (February 17, 1976) p 54.

·   Rivenburg, Roy. “Life is spare for pro bowlers.” Los Angeles Times. (January 21, 2007.)

·   Ebert, Roger. “Dreamer” [movie review] (April 30, 1979)

·   “Dreamer” AFI: Catalog of Feature Films. (1979)

·   Dreamer (1979) Trailer

·   D’Amato, Gary. “PBA Tour will return to Milwaukee: Four events to be held over a 15-day period.” Milwaukee-Wisconsin Journal Sentinel. (December 9, 2012)

·   McNichol, Tom. “Kingpin.” Wired. (September 1, 2004)

·   Richgels, Jeff” The 11th Frame: Peters stepping back from PBA, BJI reports.” The Capital Times. (March 11, 2010)

·   Eichelberger, Curtis. “Pro Bowling Enters a Rowdy New League.” Los Angeles Times. (September 2, 2003.)

·   Kilgannon, Corey. “Character Study: A Bowling Hustler With a Big Left Hook.” The New York Times. (September 28, 2012.)


 Sources for Ep 188 - Tom Monaghan and Domino's Pizza

·   Encyclopedia of World Biography. “Tom Monaghan Facts.” Your Dictionary. (2013)

·   “Thomas Monaghan” NNDB: tracking the entire world. (2004)

·   Boyer, Peter J. “Annals of Religion: The Deliverer: A pizza mogul funds a moral crusade.” The New Yorker. (February 19 & 26, 2007 Issue)

·   Higgins, Chris. “11 Facts About Domino's Pizza Founder Tom Monaghan (in 30 Minutes or Less)” Mental Floss. (June 27, 2015)

·   Brownlee, John. “Death And Pizza: How Domino’s Lost Its Mascot: The Noid wasn’t just a terrible corporate mascot. He annoyed one man to his death.” Fast Company. (July 10, 2014)

·   Taylor, Kate “The Domino’s Pizza founder created a Catholic 'paradise' town with no birth control or pornography.” Business Insider. (January 11, 2016.)

·   Totenberg, Nina. “Robert Bork's Supreme Court Nomination 'Changed Everything, Maybe Forever'” NPR: All Things Considered. (December 19, 2012)

·   Osborne, John. “Ave Maria Law School gets ABA approval to move to Naples on July 1.” Naples Daily News. (February 17, 2009).

·   Dillon, Liam. “Three suspended Ave Maria law school professors file suit.” Naples Daily News. (October 18, 2007)


Sources for Ep. 189 - The Wilmington Coup

·   Cecelski, David S. William H. Chafe, Laura F. Edwards, Raymond Gavins, Glenda E. Gilmore, John Haley, Michael Honey, Stephen Kantrowitz, H. Leon Prather Sr., Timothy B. Tyson, LeeAnn Whites, Richard Yarborough.  Democracy Betrayed: The Wilmington Race Riot of 1898 and Its Legacy. The University of North Carolina Press (1998)

·   Special Dispatch to the Call. “Nine Negroes Slain in Streets of Wilmington: Three White Men Also Wounded During a Day of Bloodshed and Turbulence. Trouble Precipitated on Election Day Also Results in the Slaughter of a Dozen Negroes at Rehobeth.” The San Francisco Call. (November 11, 1898) p 1.

·   Special Correspondence of the Sunday Call. “Race Riots and Shotgun Law in the Carolinas: Blacks and Whites Arrayed Against Each Other in Murderous Fury. The Governor of One State Barely Escapes Death From the Mob. Men and Incidents in the Frightful Outbreak of Race Hatred That Has Deluged Two States in Blood and Shocked the Nation.” The San Francisco Call. (November 27, 1898) p 19.

·   “‘White Man’s Party’ Democrats Develop Some Devilment.”

·   “Rapes and Lynchings.” The Semi-Weekly Messenger [Wilmington, NC] (August 3, 1897) p 2

·   Tyson, Timothy. “The Ghosts of 1898: Wilmington’s Race Riot and the Rise of White Supremacy.” The News & Observer. (November 17, 2006.) Section H.

·   Felton, Rebecca Latimer. “Excerpts of Rebecca Latimer Felton’s speech to the Georgia Agricultural Society” East Carolina University. (August 11, 1897.)

·   Parker, David B. “Rebecca Latimer Felton (1835-1930)” New Georgia Encyclopedia. (May 14, 2003)

·   Strupp, Joe. “Why North Carolina Papers Apologized for Role In 1898 Race Riots” Editor & Publisher. (November 20, 2006).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Wilmington insurrection of 1898," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for Ep. 190 - Fort Moore Hill

·   Associated Press “Trio Digs for Gold in Heart of Los Angeles: Use Ancient Map and Mechanical Digger to Find Tunnels. The Winnipeg Tribune (April 10, 1933) p1

·   Associated Press. “Search for Gold in Heart of Los Angeles: Pick and Shovel Gang at Work in Search of Supposed Buried Fabulous Treasure.” The Ottawa Journal (Feb 27, 1933) p1

·   Associated Press. “Excavators Dig Under Los Angeles for Lost City of ‘Lizard People’” Miami [Oklahoma] Daily News (January 29, 1934) p1

·   Associated Press. “‘Lost City’ Under Los Angeles Says Mining Engineer.” The Decatur Herald (January 30, 1934) p 18

·   Ballinger, Matt. “Did Strange People Live Under Site of Los Angeles 5000 Years Ago? L.A. Times Past. (January 23, 2014)

·   Meares, Hadley. “The Many Lives of Fort Moore Hill: The Shifting and Shrinking of a Los Angeles Icon.” KCET (May 31, 2013)

·   Creason, Glen “The Underground Catacombs of L.A.’s Lizard People: Elon Musk didn’t invent the idea of drilling holes into Los Angeles. George Warren Shufelt did it first.” Los Angeles Magazine. (January 22, 2014)


Sources for Ep 191 - The Airships of 1896

·   Hanks, Micah. Charles Abbott’s Weird Patent and the 1897 Airship Mystery.” Mysterious Universe. (May 4, 2015.)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Mystery airship," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “To Traverse the Air—Atlantic and Pacific Aerial navigation Company Will Make Airships—It will be lifted by Gas—Captain Charles A. Smith’s Patent Sheet-Metal Double-Tube Machine Has Been Adopted.” San Francisco Call (February 29, 1896) p 16

·   “Less than Two Days.—Airship to Fly From San Francisco to New York in Forty Hours.” Mariposa Gazette. (October 17, 1896) p 2

·    “Prof. Langley Scouts It: Puts No Faith in the Alleged California Airship. People Who Say They Saw: Reputable and Intelligent citizens of Sacramento Describe the Appearance of the Machine—Inventor Not Traceable, but Said to be One Benjamin—Examining His Claim.” The Evening Times. (December 3, 1896) p 6

·   “The Airship: It Passes Over Dallas and Is Seen by Several—Preachers’ Theories.” The Daily Herald. (April 20, 1897)

·   “Topics of the Times.” The New York Times. (November 25, 1896.) p 4

·   “Topics of the Times.” The New York Times. (April 15, 1897.) p 6

·   “Edison Scoffs at the Airship: Says That It Is all a Fake, and That at Best Such Machines Are Only Toys.” Chicago Tribune (April 20, 1897) p 4

·   “One Dr. Benjamin, The Airship Man: Lodging-House Tenant of San Francisco Said to Have Solved the Problem of Aerial Navigation.” Chicago Tribune. (November 24, 1896.)


·   Reece, Gregory L.. UFO Religion: Inside Flying Saucer Cults and Culture. London, US: I.B.Tauris, (2007).

·   Ferguson, Mark Lynn. “Georgia: First in Flight?” The Revivalist: Word from the Appalachian South. (March 9, 2014.)

·   Haydon, S.E. “A Windmill Demolishes It.” The Dallas Morning News. (April 19, 1897) p. 5.

·   Wikipedia contributors, "William H. H. Hart," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Samuel Pierpont Langley," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for Ep 192 - Jackie Mitchell and Babe Ruth

·   Horwitz, Tony. “The Woman Who (Maybe) Struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig: Of all the strange baseball exploits of the Depression era, none was more surprising than Jackie Mitchell’s supposed feat.” Smithsonian Magazine. (July 2013.)

·   Doster, Adam. “The Myth of Jackie Mitchell, the Girl Who Struck Out Ruth and Gehrig: Were her curves too much for Ruth and Gehrig? Adam Doster follows the trail of an amazing story.” Daily Beast. (May 18, 2013.)

·   Blitz, Matt. “Joe Engel And The Shortstop Who Was Traded For A Turkey.” Today I Found Out. (April 8, 2013)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Jackie Mitchell," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Klein, Christopher. “How an apocalyptic cult invented baseball beard power: A century before the 2013 Red Sox, the House of David captivated the nation with the shaggiest team of all time.” The Boston Globe. (October 27, 2013).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Babe Ruth," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Moore, Jack. “The Wan Who Struck Out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig.” Vice Sports (August 2014) originally accessed at: accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Broome, Andy “Her Curves Were Too Much For Them.” CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (December 21, 2014)


Sources for Ep 193 - Sources for When The Cars Came

·   Purdy, Ken W., Christopher G. Foster and Others “Automobile” Encyclopædia Britannica (January 18, 2018)

·   “Automobile Death Harvest Doubled In Three Years; Fatal Accidents Steadily Increasing, While Those From Trolley Cars and Wagons Have Lessened---Marked Fluctuation with the Seasons.” The New York Times. (February 2, 1913.)

·   “4 Killed, 7 Hurt in Auto Accidents; Driver Attacked by Crowd When His Truck Causes Death of Police Sergeant’s Son; Taxicab Chauffeur Dies; Victim of Accident in Which Partner Was Killed Succumbs to His Injuries.” The New York Times. (July 22, 1921)

·   Jaffe, Eric. “The Evolution of Traffic accidents in New York.” CityLab. (December 16, 2011.)

·   “Nation Roused Against Motor Killings: Secretary Hoover’s Conference Will Suggest Many Ways to Check The Alarming Increase of Automobile Fatalities – Studying Huge Problem.” The New York Times. (November 23, 1924.) Section XX, p 5

·   McShane, Clay. “The Origins and Globalization of Traffic Control Signals.” Journal of Urban History, Vol. 25 No. 3 (March 1999) pp 379-404.

·   Morrison, Sheena M. “Not It! Street Games, Play Streets, and Playgrounds: Part I” The Ultimate History Project. (2013)

·   Norton, Peter D. Fighting Traffic: The Dawn of the Motor Age in the American City. The MIT Press. (2008)

·   Norton, Peter D. “Street Rivals: Jaywalking and the Invention of the Motor Age Street.” Technology and Culture (April 2007) Vol. 48.

·   Rich, Nathaniel. “Walking New York: The History of a City Underfoot.” The New York Times Magazine. (April 23, 2015)

·   Loomis, Bill. “1900-1930: The years of driving dangerously.” The Detroit News. (August 26, 2015.)

·   Cobb, W. Bruce, Magistrate, New York Traffic Court. “Better Motorcar Laws are Needed, says Bruce Cobb.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. (March 6, 1921) p 19

·   Thompson, Clive. “When Pedestrians Ruled the Streets: The driverless car may take a while to catch on—just as the automobile did a century ago.” Smithsonian Magazine. (December 2014)


194 - Episode sources for The Girl Watchers

·   Hatfield, Elaine and Susan Sprecher. Mirror, Mirror: The Importance of Looks in Everyday Life. SUNY Press (December 1, 1985)

· (page not found)

·   Bates, Hal. “Sweet Dick: KGIL’s Mad Child of Love.” Valley News [Van Nuys, CA] (October 11, 1968) p 41

·   Patterson, Troy. “A Dandy’s Guide to Girl-Watching: Checking out girls in shorts…tastefully.” Slate (July 30, 2010.)

·   Lerude, Warren. “Girl Watching: You Have to Be Good to Join This Society.” The Tuscaloosa News. (June 11, 1962) p 5

·   Sloane, Leonard. “Boom and Bust on Wall Street: Gray-haired executives at the House of Morgan peered out from behind oversized windows. Outside were 10,000 Francine-watchers.” New York Magazine (October 14, 1968)

·   Associated Press. “Blondes, Brunettes: Wall Street Parade Picking Up Steam.” The Odessa American. (October 4, 1968) p 6A

·   Sauers, Donald J. The Girl Watcher's Guide. Harper & Bros. (1954)

·   Sauers, Don. “The Birth of Girl Watching.” (2004) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Sauers, Don. “The Death of Girl Watching.” (2001)Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Miss America. Directed by Lisa Ades. [documentary] PBS: American Experience. (January 27, 2002)

·   Holmes, Anna. “Creepy: 1960s Pall Mall ‘Girl Watcher’s’ Ads.” Jezebel. (April 7, 2010)


Sources for Episode #195 - An American Pugilist in London

·   Walton, Geri. “The Duel of Lord Camelford and Captain Best.” Geri Walton. (January 30, 2015.)

·   Phillips, Brian. “A Fighter Abroad: In 1810, a freed slave named Tom Molineaux fought in one of the most important fights in the history of boxing. This is his story.” Grantland. (February 2, 2012)

·   Williams, Luke G. “Bill Richmond: ‘The pugilistic pioneer’” Boxing Monthly. (August 7, 2015.)

·   Aycock, Colleen (Author, Editor) and Mark Scott (Editor) The First Black Boxing Champions: Essays on Fighters of the 1800s to the 1920s. McFarland & Company (January 31, 2011)

·   Obi, TJ Desch “Black Terror: Bill Richmond’s Revolutionary Boxing” Journal of Sports History. (Spring 2009)


Sources for Episode #196 - Killer Bees

·   Muir, John Kenneth Muir “Will History blame me or the Bees? 5 Pop Culture Memories of the Killer Bee Invasion of the 1970s.” Flashbak. (November 27, 2014)

·   Popular Mechanics. “The Black Widow Spider-Public Enemy!” Popular Mechanics. (January 1936) p 88.

·   Associated Press. “Killer Bees Swarming Toward U.S.” The Daily Mail (August 24, 1972) p 1

·   Medill News Service. “May damage crops: Killer bees are coming” The Delta Democrat Times (December 20, 1972) p 12.

·   Post-Dispatch Wire Services. “Killer Bees of Brazil Headed For U.S. Invasion.” St Louis Post-Dispatch (September 20, 1972.) p 10F

·   UPI. “Killer Bees Are Headed For US.” Lebanon Daily News (June 12, 1975) p 32

·   “Use Broom to Destroy ‘Black Widow’ Spiders, Urge State Entomologists.” The San Bernardino County Sun (July 27, 1934) p 10

·   “‘Prof’ Identifies Gallup Spiders As Black Widows: One Found in Dr. MacComnack Home Found To be Large Female by Dr. F.W. Allen Of New Mexico University.” The Gallup Independent, (September 12, 1934) p 3

·   Thorpe, R.W. “Innocent Mr. Tarantula and the Deadly Black Widow: How Science Proved the ‘Lucrezia Borgia’ of the Insect World is Even More Dangerous Than Scorpions and Centipedes” The Salt Lake Tribune (July 15, 1934) p 2

·   Ainsworth, Ed. “Along El Camino Real.” Los Angeles Times. (November 22nd, 1933) p 8.

·   Callahan, Joan R. 50 Health Scares that Fizzled. Greenwood (May 25, 2011)

·   Newsweek Staff “A Bad Buzz From Brazil” Newsweek. (March 24, 1991.)

·   Department of Systematic Biology, Entomology Section, National Museum of Natural History, in cooperation with Public Inquiry Services. “Information Sheet Number 45: Bug Info: Africanized Bees” Smithsonian Institution.

·   “The Bees (1978)” Directed by Alfredo Zacharias, Starring John Saxon, Angel Tompkins, John Carradine, George Bellanger, Claudio Brook [movie synopsis] And You Call Yourself a Scientist! (2008)


Sources for Ep. 197 - The Orphans of New York City

·   Gilfoyle, Timothy J. “Street-Rats and Gutter-Snipes: Child Pickpockets and Street Culture in New York City, 1850-1900” Journal of Social History: Oxford University Press. Volume 37, Number 4 (Summer 2004) pp 853-862.

·   Johnson, Kristin. The Orphan Trains. ABDO. (January 1, 2012)

·   O’Connor, Stephen. Orphan Trains: The Story of Charles Loring Brace and the Children He Saved and Failed. Houghton Mifflin Company.  (2001)

·   Warren, Andrea. “The Orphan Train.” The Washington Post. (1998)

·   The Orphan Trains. Producers: Janet Graham, Ed Gray. PBS: American Experience. (1995)

·   Scheuerman, Dan. “Lost Children: Riders on the Orphan Train.” Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities. (November/December 2007) Volume 28, Number 6 Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. “Brace, Charles Loring (1826-1890)” (2004)

·   National Orphan Train Complex: Museum & Research Center, Concordia, KS.


Sources for Ep. 198 - Henry Tufts

·   Tufts, Henry. A Narrative of the Life, Adventures, Travels, and Sufferings of Henry Tufts.: Now residing at Lemington, in the District of Maine. Unknown Binding (1807).

·   Williams, Daniel E. “Doctor, Preacher, Soldier, Thief: A New World of Possibilities in the Rogue Narrative of Henry Tufts.” Early American Literature. The University of North Carolina Press. Vol. 19, No. 1 (Spring, 1984), pp. 3-20

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Henry Tufts," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Vaver, Anthony. “Early American Criminals: Henry Tufts in the Castle.” Early American Crime. (December 8, 2010)


 Sources for Ep. 199 - Tony and The Shotgun

·   Jesse, Mike. “Retro Indy: Tony Kiritsis was a very angry man.” IndyStar. (Feb. 8, 2014)

·   Comiskey, Daniel S. “The Tony Kiritsis Saga.” Indianapolis Monthly. (February 2007)

·   Trounstine, Philip J. “Monitoring Kiritsis’ Moods Paid Off: Law Officials Bluff Won Life-And-Death Poker Game.” The Indianapolis Star. (February 12, 1977) pp 1, 12

·   Morrison, Patrick T. “Kiritsis Bond set at $850,000. The Indianapolis Star. (February 12, 1977) pp 1, 9

·   “Robbed While Watching TV: Hall Goes Free; Woman New Victim.” The Indianapolis Star. (February 12, 1977) p 4

·   “Assumed It was ‘God’s Plan’: For 63 Long Hours, Hall Thought He Would Be Slain.” The Indianapolis Star. (February 12, 1977) p 12

·   Wilkinson, Ernest A. “Praise Flows Like Beer: Lawmen Celebrate Bloodless End of Westside Vigil.” The Indianapolis Star. (February 12, 1977) p 12

·   Keating, Thomas R. “There’s Little To Do But Wait.” The Indianapolis Star. (February 9, 1977) pp 1, 8

·   Anderson, William E. and Robert K. Schneider. “Threatens Hostage in Westside Drama: Gunman Refuses To Surrender” The Indianapolis Star. (February 9, 1977) pp 1, 18

·   Wilkinson, Ernest A. “The Many Faces Of Tony: Bachelor Called Friendly, ‘Wild-Tempered’” The Indianapolis Star. (February 9, 1977) p 8

·   “Ordeal Of A Hostage—Hours of Terror, Hope Of Rescue.” [pictures of the crime] The Indianapolis Star. (February 9, 1977) p 16-17

·   Hanafee, Susan. “Kiritsis’ private war was public’s awful terror.” The Indianapolis Star, (February 8, 1977) 1C, 6C

·   Wikipedia contributors, "R. Budd Dwyer," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Stanton, Nile. “The Insanity Defense Case of STATE OF INDIANA V. ANTHONY G. KIRITSIS; Marion County Superior Court 5; Indianapolis, Indiana (1977). Occasional Justice. (May 24, 2017.)


Sources for Ep. 200 - Otto in the Attic

·   “Secret Room May Solve Famous Murder Puzzle: Mystery of Fred Oesterreich Slaying in Home Here Eight Years Ago Unveiled by New Clew.” Los Angeles Times. (April 8, 1930) part II p 1

·   “‘Klein Confesses Murder of Oesterreich in 1922: Occupant of Secret Room Admits Killing Garment Manufacturer in His Palatial Home.” Los Angeles Times. (April 9, 1930) pp 1-2

·   “Charge Aimed at ‘Attic Man’: Grand Jury Indicts Him for Oesterreich Murder; But He May Plead Guilty to Escape Gallows; Fitts Refuses to Disclose Grave Accusations.” Los Angeles Times, April 12, 1930. p 1-2

·   “‘Ghost’ Guides Jury to Attics: Sanhuber’s Supposed Haunts in Garrets Inspected; Court Session Conducted in Oesterreich Houses; Neighbors Recount Stories of Murder-Night Events.” Los Angeles Times. (June 17, 1930) Part II p 1.

·   “Attic Man Through Today: Shapiro Again to Face Sanhuber and Deny Coaching Him to Tell Oesterreich Murder Story.” Los Angeles Times. (June 30, 1930) part II p 1

·   “Manslaughter Verdict Voted; Sanhuber Found Guilty of Killing Oesterreich; Seven Ballots Taken to Reach Agreement; Defense Will Ask Court to Set Aside Decision.” Los Angeles Times (July 2, 1930) Part II p 1, 23

·   “Widow Depicts Attic Murder; Mrs. Oesterreich Weeps in Giving Testimony; Tale Sanhuber told to Grand Jury Backed Up; Silence Blamed on Fear of Garret Scandal.” Los Angeles Times. (Aug 20, 1930) part II p 3

·   The Sunday Herald (April 16, 1961)

·   Rasmussen, Cecilia. “‘Bat Man’ Case: a Lurid Tale of Love and Death.” Los Angeles Times. (March 20, 1995.)

·   Wirth, Jennifer. “For Years, She Kept Her Secret Lover In The Attic And Made Him Live Like A Bat.” (2016)  Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/12/19 at:

·   Nugent, Addison. “The Married Woman Who Kept Her Lover in the Attic: Dolly Oesterreich, her ‘Bat Man,’ and one of the strangest sex scandals ever.” Atlas Obscura. (June 7, 2016)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Walburga Oesterreich," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Eddy, Cheryl. “The Bizarre Case of the Unfaithful Wife and Her ‘Attic Man’” Gizmodo (July 6, 2015)