Sources for #161 - The Killing of Maximum John

·   Baum, Dan. “Legalize It All: How to win the war on drugs.” Harper’s Magazine. (April 2016).

·   Cartwright, Gary. “The Man Who Killed Judge Wood.” Texas Monthly. (September 1982)

·   Cartwright, Gary. “The Texas Striker Gets Hit” Texas Monthly. (December 1981)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Charles Harrelson," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Jamiel Chagra," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Dufton, Emily. “The War on Drugs: How President Nixon Tied Addiction to Crime.” The Atlantic. (March 26, 2012)


Sources for #162 - America's Greatest Sack of Flour

·   Lea, Ralph and Christi Kennedy. “Reuel Gridley and a sack of flour.” Lodi News-Sentinel E-Edition (September 30, 2005)

·   Melissa. “The Story of Reuel Colt Gridley And The Most Expensive Bag Of Flour In The World.” Today I Found Out. (December 1, 2015).

·   From the Jackson Citizen (July 1, 1871). “Another Benefactor Gone.” Peninsula Courier & Family Visitant (August 25, 1871.) p 1,6462867&dq=reuel+colt+gridley&hl=en

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Reuel Colt Gridley," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for #163 - Syphilis and America

·   Parascandola, John. Sex, Sin, and Science A History of Syphilis in America.  Praeger, Westport, Conn. (2008)

·   Frith, John. “Syphilis – Its early history and Treatment until Penicillin and the Debate on its Origins.” Journal of Military and Veterans’ Health Volume 20 No. 4. (November 2012.)

·   Tampa, M., I. Sarbu, C. Matei, V. Benea, and SR Georgescu. “Brief History of Syphilis.” Journal of Medicine and Life. (March 15, 2014) Volume 7, 1. pp 4–10.

·   Perlin, David, Ph.D. and Ann Cohen. “Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Syphilis: A Sexual Scourge with a Long History.” Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to Dangerous Diseases and Epidemics. Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc. (2002).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "History of syphilis," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Royal Pharmaceutical Society “Developing Treatments: Syphilis.” Museum of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society (2007) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   Goodman, Herman, B.S., M.D. “What A Nurse Should Know About Syphilis: Salvarsan.” The American Journal of Nursing. (December 1, 1919).

·   Stokes, John H., A.B., M.D. The Third Great Plague: A Discussion of Syphilis for Everyday People. W.B. Saunders Company (1920).

·   Townsend, Isaac and William Sanger. Report of the Medical Board of Bellevue Hospital in reply to interrogatories of Isaac Townsend, President of the Board of Governors of the Alms House, upon constitutional syphilis. Unknown Publisher. (1855).

·   Perkins, Roberta. “Chapter 2 : Control, regulation and legislation.” from Working girls : prostitutes, their life and social control Australian Institute of Criminology (May 1991) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   D'Emilio, John and Estelle B. Freedman. Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America, Third Edition. University of Chicago Press. (February 28, 1998; first published April 1, 1988.)

·   Lord, Alexandra M. “The Science Of Keeping Fit: Fighting Venereal Disease In World War I.” The Ultimate History Project. (2014)

·   Kam, Katherine. “A Look Back at Old-Time Medicines: Antique medicines contained everything from arsenic to opium -- and promised instant cures.” WebMD. (2006)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Health of Abraham Lincoln," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Strugatsky, Zohar. “10 Historical Figures Who Had Syphilis” First To Know. (April 17, 2015)

·   Mcneil, Donald G. Jr. with reporting from Elisabeth Malkin “U.S. Apologizes for Syphilis Tests in Guatemala,” The New York Times. (October 1, 2010.)


Sources for #164 - The Witch of Wall Street

·   Patrick, David. “The Woman Who Loved Money. New York Social Diary. (August 21, 2007).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Hetty Green," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Oneill, Therese. “The Life and Times of Hetty the Hoarder, the Witch of Wall Street.” Mental Floss. (March 22, 2013.)

·   Hiskey, Daven. “The ‘Witch of Wall Street’” Today I found Out. (July 14, 2014.)

·   Beattie, Andrew. “Hetty Green: The Witch of Wall Street.” Investopedia. (March 30, 2013.)

·   The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Hetty Green: American Financier.” Encyclopaedia Britannica. (July 20, 1998.)

·   Silvia, Joe. “Henrietta Howland Green; Another Look at the ‘Witch of Wall Street’” New Bedford Guide.  (September 5, 2013)''


Sources for #165 - The Racism of Route 40

·   Vachon, Nicholas Murray. “The Junction: The Cold War, Civil Rights, and the African Diplomats of Maryland’s Route 40.” Primary Source Volume II: Issue II (Spring 2012) pp 43-51,%20Nicholas.pdf   

·   Holder, Calvin B. “Racism Toward Black African Diplomats During the Kennedy Administration.” Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 14, No. 1. (September 1983) pp 31-48.

·   Romano, Renee. “No Diplomatic Immunity: African Diplomats, the State Department, and Civil Rights, 1961-1964.” The Journal of American History, Volume 87, Issue 2. (2000) pp 546-579.

·   Papers of John F. Kennedy. Presidential Papers. White House Central Subject Files. “Human Rights (HU). HU: 2-3 (Living-Dining facilities): General” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Archives. (March 9, 1961- September 3, 1963)

·   E. M. Debrah. "The Effect of the Existence of 'Segregation' in the U.S. on the American Image in Africa." [speech] John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Archives. (October 25, 1961)

·   Pedro A. Sanjuan Personal Papers. “Reports and statements: Briefing on African Diplomats in Washington.” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Archives.  (June 2, 1961)

·   Pedro A. Sanjuan Personal Papers. “Special Protocol Service Section Files, 1961-1963. Reports and statements: Living Conditions of New Diplomats” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Archives. (February 23, 1961)

·   Papers of John F. Kennedy. Presidential Papers. “White House Staff Files of Harris Wofford. Civil Rights Progress Reports, 1961-1962. Sub-Cabinet Group on Civil Rights: State (1 of 2 folders)” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Archives. (June 30-November 1, 1961).

·   Kennedy, John F. “Remarks at a Reception Marking African Freedom Day.” online at JFL Link. (April 15, 1961) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   “Create new job to curb San Juan.” The Afro-American (July 13, 1963) p 14.,2751854&hl=en

·   Williams, James D. “The day ‘diplomats’ enter ‘white only’ café.” Baltimore Afro-American (October 3, 1978) p 18,1916411&hl=en via

·   The United State Commission of Civil Rights. Civil Rights U.S.A./Housing in Washington, D.C. U.S. Government Printing Office. (September 20, 1062.) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   “Obituary: Pedro A. Sanjuan.” Washington Times. (October 2 – October 21, 2012.)

·   Martin, Douglas. “Pedro A. Sanjuan Dies at 82; Cleared U.S. Path for African Envoys.” The New York Times. (October 5, 2012)

·   Bernstein, Adam. “Obituaries, Pedro A. Sanjuan: U.S. Official Who fought Discrimination Dies at 82.” The Washington Post. (October 2, 2012)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Civil Rights Act of 1964," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


#166 - The Racist Record Keeping of Virginia

·   Dorr, Gregory Michael. Segregation's Science. Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, (2008).

·   Rountree, Helen C. Pocahontas's People, The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries. University of Oklahoma Press, (1990)

·   Fiske, Warren. “The Black-and-White World of Walter Ashby Plecker.” The Virginian-Pilot. (August 18, 2004).

·   Hardin, Peter. “Documentary Genocide: Families Surnames on Racial Hit List.” Times-Dispatch.  (March 5, 2000) A1

·   Talbot, Tori. “Walter Ashby Plecker (1861-1947)” Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities. (May 30, 2014).

·   Wolfe, Brendan. "Racial Integrity Laws (1924–1930)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, (November 1, 2015).

·   Plecker, Walter A. “Circular Letter to ‘Local Registrars, Clerks, Legislators, and others responsible for, and interested in, the prevention of racial intermixture,’ from Walter A. Plecker, State Registrar of Vital Statistics, Richmond.” December 1943. Source: Rockbridge County (Va.) Clerk’s Correspondence, 1912-1943. Local Government Records Collection, Rockbridge County Court Records. The Library of Virginia. 10-0878-003. (posted on January 4, 2013) at:

·   Plecker, W.A., M.D. “Shall America Remain White?” From the Booklet:The New Family and Race Improvement. Fifth Of New Family Series. Issued by Bureau of Vital Statistics. State Board of Health. Richmond, VA. 1925. Read before Section on Public Health, Southern Medical Association, Eighteenth Annual Meeting, New Orleans, La., (November 24-17, 1924).

·   Plecker, W. A., M.D., Fellow A.P.H.A. “Virginia's Attempt to Adjust The Color Problem.” Read at the joint session of the Public Health Administration and Vital Statistics Section of the American Public Health Association at the Fifty-third Annual Meeting at Detroit, Michigan, October 23, 1924. Printed in The American Journal of Public Health, (1925.)

·   Powell, John. “The Last Stand.” Richmond Times Dispatch. (February 27, 1926).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Melungeon," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Plecker, W.A., M.D. “Letter to Local Officials Including a List of Surnames, By Counties and Cities, of Mixed Negroid Virginia Families Striving To Pass As ‘Indian’ or White.” (January 1943).

·   The Melungeon Indians.“Walter Plecker” (2010)

·   Special Collections, University of Virginia Library.  “A Guide To The Papers Of John Powell, 1888-1978, N.D.: A Collection In The University Of Virginia Library. Accession Number 7284, 7284-A” Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library - University of Virginia. (2013).

·   Smith, J. David. “Eugenics, Race Integrity, and the Twentieth-Century Assault on Virginia’s Indians.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians. (April 11, 1991)

·   Find A Grave. “Dr Walter Ashby Plecker” Find A Grave. (Added Jun 30, 2008.)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Eugenics in the United States," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


#167 - The History of New York Sanitation

·   Nagle, Robin. Picking Up: On the Streets and Behind the Trucks with the Sanitation Workers of New York City.  Farrar, Straus and Giroux. (2013)

·   Miller, Benjamin. Fat of the Land: Garbage of New York -- The Last Two Hundred Years published by Four Walls Eight Windows New York. (2000)

·   Olsen, Kevin. “What Do You Do With the Garbage? New York City’s Progressive Era Sanitary Reforms and Their Impact on the Waste Management Infrastructure in Jamaica Bay.” Long Island History Journal. (2015).

·   Citizens' Association of New York, Council of Hygiene and Public Health. Report Of The Council Of Hygiene And Public Health Of The Citizens' Association Of New York Upon The Sanitary Condition Of The City. D. Appleton and Company. (1866).

·   Citizens' Committee Upon the Nuisances of New York City. Report of the Citizens' Committee Upon the Nuisances Of New York City: The Air We Breathe. S. Hamilton’s Son. (April, 1878).

·   “Barren Island School a Wreck: It’s Principal Demented Because of Unsanitary Conditions, It Is Said.” The New York Times. (March 8, 1899). p 1

·   Diphtheria Is Prevalent; Throats of Nine-Tenths of Barren Island's Population Wrapped with Salt Pork and Flannel.” The New York Times. (August 6, 1897). p 5.

·   “Tammany Street Cleaning.” The New York Times. (September 18, 1891). p 4.

·   Harper’s Weekly. “How the Streets of New York are Cleaned.” Harper’s Weekly: A Journal of Civilization (November 24, 1877).,1877.html

·   Col. Waring’s Sad Death; Yellow Fever Kills Him; Experts Say It Cannot Spread; Body Taken to Swinburne Island for Cremation—Col. Waring Had Written a Report on the Condition of Cuban Cities, Where He Contracted Fever—His Career.” The Sun. (October 30, 1898). p 7

·   Simon, Evan and Olivia Smith. “Dead Horse Bay.” ABC News. (October 26, 2015).

·   Johnson, Kirk. “Baren Island’s harsh past brought to life.” The Baltimore Sun. (December 3, 2000).

·   Atlas Obscura. “Dead Horse Bay: First a horse rendering plant, then a 19th century landfill, this beach is full of glass from thousands upon thousands of broken bottles.” Atlas Obscura. (2009).


Sources for #168 - America's First Crematorium

·   Prothero, Stephen. Purified by Fire. Berkeley, US: University of California Press, (2001).

·   Sickles, Megan. “Ashes to Ashes: America’s First Crematorium.” Pennsylvania Center for the Book. (Fall, 2009).

·   Washington County History Link Page. “A Biography of Dr. Francis Julius LeMoyne” Washington County History Link Page. (2004).

·   National Park Service. “Aboard the Underground Railroad: F. Julius LeMoyne House.” United States Department of the Interior. (2007).

·   Washington County Historical Society “The LeMoyne House. Washington County Historical Society. (Copyright 2013). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/10/19 at:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Fugitive Slave Act of 1850," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Theosophical Society," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “From the Sentinel Files: April 24, 1874.” The Milwaukee Sentinel. (April 24, 1974). p 11.,1949511&hl=en

·   Cabinet of Wonders. “Up in Smoke: Theosophy and the Revival of Cremation” The Theosophical Society in America. (Winter 2009).

·   “Dr. Lemoyne's Furnace.; Taking Out Mrs. Pitman's Ashes The Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Crematory Some Of The Objections To The Introduction Of Cremation.” The New York Times. (February 19, 1878). p 2

·   A Creation Pilgrimage: Preparations for Burning the Remains of the Baron De Palm. Incidents of The Funeral Journey. The Corpse Goes Astray--Horror of the Undertaker. Lighting the Furnace Fires.” New York Herald. (December 6, 1876) p 7.


Sources for #169 - Disco Demolition Night

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Ron LeFlore," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Lapointe, Joe. “The Night Disco Went Up in Smoke.” The New York Times. (July 4, 2009).

·   Behrens, Andy. “Disco Demolition: Bell-bottoms be gone!” ESPN. (August 11, 2004).

·   Sosnowski, Pamela. “Burn, Baby, Burn: A Look Back at Disco Demolition Night.” Rebeat Magazine. (2014).

·   Corbett, Warren. “Bill Veeck.” SABR: Society for American Baseball Research. (2009).

·   National Baseball Hall of Fame. “Bill Veeck.” National Baseball Hall of Fame.

·   Veeck, Mike as told to Alan Schwarz. “How I Did It: Midgets? Nuns who give massages? Disco Demolition Night? Free vasectomies on Father's Day? If there's one thing Mike Veeck learned from his father and from building a profitable empire of minor league baseball teams, it's this: Fun is good.” Inc. (April 1, 2005).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Steve Dahl," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Caple, Jim. “The funniest man in baseball is having the last laugh.” ESPN. (November 28, 2015).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Disco Demolition Night," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Liptak, Mark. “Flashing Back … with Mike Veeck. Another Exclusive from White Sox Interactive!” White Sox Interactive. (2004). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/9/19 at:


Sources for #170 - The Bowery Boys and Boxing

·   Bruno, Joe. Mobsters, Gangs, Crooks and Other Creeps-Volume 1. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. (November 7, 2013).

·   New England Historical Society. “Reddy the Blacksmith and His New York Bowery Boys Invade Connecticut” New England Historical Society. (2016).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Bowery Boys," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Asbury, Herbert. The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. A. A. Knopf. (1928).

·   “The Case of Reddy the Blacksmith—A Requisition Obtained for his Return.” The New York Times. (July 31, 1869). p 8.

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Dead Rabbits riot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for #171 - The Jones County Deserters

·   Bynum, Victoria E. Free State of Jones: Mississippi’s Longest Civil War (The Fred W. Morrison Series in Southern Studies). The University of North Carolina Press. (2016)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Newton Knight," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Kelly, James R. Jr. “Newton Knight and the Legend of the Free State of Jones.” Mississippi History Now. (April 2009).

·   Frost, Meigs O. “‘Free State of Jones’ leader Newt Knight in his own words. The New Orleans Item. (March 20, 1921). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/9/19 at:


Sources for #172 - America's Worst Lottery Winner

·   Find A Grave. “William ‘Bud’ Post, III.” Find A Grave. (2013).

·   Ayad, Moustafa. “Obituary: William Post III / Lottery winner whose wealth brought grief, troubled times. April 5, 1939 - Jan. 15, 2006.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. (January 19, 2006).

·   Boys, Nigel. “Lottery winner’s brother hired a hitman to kill him, among other things.” Financial Juneteenth. (September 5, 2014).

·   Sullivan, Patricia. “William 'Bud' Post III; Unhappy Lottery Winner.” [obituary] The Washington Post. (January 20, 2006)

·   Walsh, Lawrence. “Good luck in lottery; bad luck with cash.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. (July 5, 1993). pp A1, A5.

·   Wikipedia contributors, "William Post," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Bruno, Joe. “The Bowery Boys Street Gang” Joe Bruno on the Mob. (December 3, 2010).

·   Lee, Laura. Schadenfreude, Baby!: A Delicious Look at the Misfortune of Others (and the Pleasure It Brings Us). Lyons Press. (2008).


Sources for #173 - The Know Nothing Party

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries, etc.," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,,_Peopling_of_Countries,_etc.&oldid=914670732

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Bloody Monday," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Know Nothing," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

· “19e. The Alien and Sedition Acts” The Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia. (2008).

· Editors. “Alien and Sedition Acts.” (November 9, 2009).

·   PBS. “People and Ideas: Early American Individuals.” WGBH Educational Foundation. (2010).

·   Ancient Order of Hibernians. “About Bloody Monday.” The Hibernians Cultural and Charitable Association. (2013).

·   Ford, Martin. “Gangs of Baltimore: Election season in a city controlled by nativist hoodlums.” Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities. (May/June 2008), Volume 29, Number 3.

·   Young, Patrick, Esq. “The Know Nothings: From Triumph to Collapse.” Long Island Wins. (December 16, 2011).

· (page not found; not archived on

·   Lubrecht, Peter T. Germans in New Jersey: A History. Arcadia Publishing. (September 17, 2013).

·   Pagliarini, Marie Anne. “The Pure American Woman and the Wicked Catholic Priest: An Analysis of Anti-Catholic Literature in Antebellum America.” Religion and American Culture. Volume 9, Issue 1, (Winter 1999). pp 97-128. 

·   Carlson, A. Cheree. “The Rhetoric of the Know Nothing Party: Nativism as a Response to the Rhetorical Situation.” Southern Communication Journal. Volume 54, (1989) – Issue 4. pp 364-383.


Sources for #174 - The Hard Hat Riot

·   Bigart, Homer. “War Foes Here Attacked By Construction Workers: City Hall Is Stormed.” The New York Times. (May 9, 1970). pp 1, 10.

·   Lewis, Penny. “The Myth of the Hardhat Hawk” Jacobin Magazine. (September 2, 2013).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Hard Hat Riot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Loomis, Erik. “This Day in Labor History: May 8, 1970.” Lawyers, Guns & Money. (May 8, 2014).'

·   Associated Press. “150,000 New York workers join in pro-Nixon parade.” The Sun. (May 20, 1970) p 6.,1676616&hl=en

·   McFadden, Robert D. “Obituaries: Peter Brennan, 78, Union Head and Nixon’s Labor Chief.” The New York Times. (October 4, 1996). p A26


Sources for #175 - The Torture Psychologists

·   Risen, James. Pay Any Price: Greed, Power, and Endless War. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. (2014)

·   Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. “Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program.” (Approved December 13, 2012. Declassification Revisions December 3, 2014.)

·   Hoffman, David H. Esq., Danielle J. Carter, Esq., Cara R. Viglucci Lopez, Esq., Heather L. Benzmiller, Esq., Ava X. Guo, Esq., S. Yasir Latifi, Esq. and Daniel C. Craig, Esq. “Report To The Special Committee Of The Board Of Directors Of The American Psychological Association Independent Review Relating To Apa Ethics Guidelines, National Security Interrogations, And Torture.” Sidley Austin LLP. July 2, 2015, Revised September 4, 2015. Originally accessed at: (APA ethics report 2015) Accessed on 9/9/19 at:

·   Leopold, Jason. “Psychologist James Mitchell Admits He Waterboarded al Qaeda Suspects: In an exclusive interview with VICE News, the architect of the CIA's enhanced interrogation program confirms his role and reveals concerns he raised to the CIA about 'abuses.'” Vice. (December 15, 2014).

·   Eban, Katherine. “The Psychologists Who Taught The C.I.A. How To Torture (And Charged $180 Million)” Vanity Fair. (December 10, 2014).

·   Eban, Katherine. “Rorschach and Awe: America’s coercive interrogation methods were reverse-engineered by two C.I.A. psychologists who had spent their careers training U.S. soldiers to endure Communist-style torture techniques. The spread of these tactics was fueled by a myth about a critical ‘black site’ operation.” Vanity Fair. (July 2007).

·   Risen, James and Matt Apuzzo “C.I.A., on Path to Torture, Chose Haste Over Analysis.” The New York Times.  (December 15, 2014).

·   Shane, Scott. “2 U.S. Architects of Harsh Tactics in 9/11’s Wake” The New York Times. (August 11, 2009).

·   Johnston, David and Mark Mazzetti. “A Window Into C.I.A.’s Embrace of Secret Jails.” The New York Times. (August. 12, 2009)

·   Bush, George W. “Transcript: President Bush’s Speech on Terrorism.” The New York Times. (September 6, 2006).

·   Soufan, Ali. “Opinion: My Tortured Decision.” The New York Times. (April 22, 2009).

·   Mayer, Jane. “The Experiment: The military trains people to withstand interrogation. Are those methods being misused at Guantánamo?” The New Yorker. (July 3, 2005).

·   Mayer, Jane. “The Black Sites: A rare look inside the C.I.A.’s secret interrogation program.” The New Yorker. (August 5, 2007).

·   Physicians for Human Rights, Lead author Nathaniel Raymond. Lead medical author Scott Allen, MD. “Experiments in Torture: Evidence of Human Subject Research and Experimentation in the ‘Enhanced’ Interrogation Program.” Physicians for Human Rights. (2010).

·   Kahn, Chris. “Exclusive: Most Americans support torture against terror suspects - Reuters/Ipsos poll” Reuters. (March 30, 2016).

·   Leopold, Jason. “Interview: James Mitchell: 'I'm just a guy who got asked to do something for his country'” The Guardian. (April 18, 2014).

·   Daly, Michael. “The Luxury Homes That Torture and Your Tax Dollars Built: The CIA paid torture teachers James Mitchell and Bruce Jesser more than $80 million. As they now live out their wildest dreams, their barbarity has cost the U.S. far more.” Daily Beast. (December 12, 2014. Updated April 14, 2017).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,,_Evasion,_Resistance_and_Escape&oldid=914703558

·   Kaye, Jeffrey. “APA ‘Independent’ Torture Review Led by Attorney Who Worked With CIA’s Tenet” The Public Record. (December 11th, 2014).

·   Dittmann, Melissa. “Psychology's first prescribers: DoD-trained psychologists have been paving the way so that others might one day prescribe.” American Psychological Association. (February 2003), Vol 34, No. 2 page 36

·   IResearchNet “Prescription Privileges. IResearchNet. (2017).

·   Schulberg, Jessica. “Psychologist Whose Lawyers Say He Didn’t Design CIA Torture Program Wrote A Book Bragging That He Did: James Mitchell’s unpublished book promises ‘a dramatic firsthand account.’” Huffpost. (April 29, 2016)

·   Suleiman Abdullah Salim, Et Al., Plaintiffs vs. James E. Mitchell And John Jessen, Defendants. No. CV-15-0286-JLQ Memorandum Opinion and Order Denying Motion To Dismiss. United States District Court: Eastern District of Washington. (Filed April 28, 2016).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Gul Rahman," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Atone, Rupert. “Opinion: Trump might be ‘fine’ with torture, but most Americans aren’t: The alleged popularity of torture is based on flawed polling. Aljazeera America. (February 22, 2016).

·   Gale, Sadie Levy.  “CIA 'mistakenly' destroys copy of 6,700-page US torture report: The report contains thousands of secret files about the CIA's use of interrogation methods.” Independent. (May 17, 2016).

·   Eidelson, Roy. “10-Year ‘Psychology, Torture, and the APA’ Timeline.” Coalition for an Ethical Psychology. (2010).


Sources for #176 Bass Reeves


Sources for #177 - Jock and The Marathon Women

·   Upton, Emily. “The First Woman to Officially Run in the Boston Marathon.” Today I Found Out. (August 28, 2013).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Marathon: Origin." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Boston Marathon," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Switzer, Katherine. “The Girl Who Started it All” excerpted from Marathon Woman: Running the Race to Revolutionize Women's Sports. [Katherine Switzer’s memoir] Da Capo Press. (March 30, 2007).

·   Makers. “Katherine Switzer, First Woman to Enter the Boston Marathon.” [video] Makers. (2012).

·   Switzer, Katherine. “Boston, 1967: When marathons were just for men.” BBC News. (April 16, 2012).

·   Davis, David. “Behind The Photo That Changed The Boston Marathon Forever” Deadspin. (March 20, 2015). photo-that- changed-the- boston-marathon- forev-1698054488

·   Boston Athletic Association “History of the Boston Marathon.” Boston Athletic Association. 2012.

·   Corbitt, Gary. “African American Running History: Boston Marathon Pre-1980.” Facebook: Black Men Run Too. (April 23, 2015).

·   Cope, Myron. “Angry Overseer of the Marathon: Jock Semple, The Colorful Scot Who Manages Boston's Epic Event, Wages A Passionate Battle For His Race And Against Those Who Mock It.” Sports Illustrated. (April 22, 1968).

·   Associated Press. “Obituary: Jock Semple, Marathon Official.” The New York Times. (March 10, 1988). p D22

·   Katz, Brigit. “The incredible story of Bobbi Gibb, the first woman to run the Boston Marathon.” Women In The World. (April 20, 2015). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/9/19 at:

·   Staff and wire reports. “‘Jock’ Semple dead at 84.” The Day. (March 10, 1988).,2128200&hl=en


Sources for #178 - The Bunion Derby

·   “Eddie Gardner Film Project” Lucky Coffee Productions. [campaign to develop a narrative feature film on the life of Eddie Gardner]

·   Kastner, Charles. Bunion Derby, The 1928 Footrace Across America. University of New Mexico Press. (2007).

·   Kastner, Charles. “The Hells of the Bunion Derby: John Stone, Jr.’s account of running in the first footrace across America.” Marathon & Beyond. (July/August 2009). pp 74-91.

·   “The Great American Foot Race.” Companion website for The Great American Foot Race. [documentary] produced by Dan Bigbee and Lily Shangreaux. (November 1, 2002). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/9/19 at:

·   Mcnerthney, Casey. “Seattle's first distance hero risked his life to run race.” Seattle pi. (November 23, 2007).


Sources for #179 - The Whiskey Rebellion

·   Slaughter, Thomas P. The Whiskey Rebellion. Oxford University Press, USA, (1986).

· (Problem starting the page turner. Collection is not found.)

·   Unveiling History. “Primary Source Packet.” Unveiling History: Exploring America’s Past. (2011). Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/9/19 at:

· (site no longer exists; not archived on

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Whiskey Rebellion," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for #180 - The Occupation of Alcatraz

·   Andrews, Evan. “Native American Activists Occupy Alcatraz Island, 45 Years Ago: On the 45th anniversary of the American Indian occupation of Alcatraz, learn how a group of rebel activists took over America’s most notorious prison for more than 19 months.” History. (November 20, 2014).

·   “Declaration of Indian Purpose” American Indian Chicago Conference, University of Chicago, (June 13-20, 1961), 5-6.

·   Author Unknown. “The Indian Termination Policy” The American Indian Movement. (2015).

·   Johnson, Dr. Troy.  “The Alcatraz Indian Occupation” Alcatraz Island – United States National Park Service. (February 27, 2015)

·   Lannon, Valerie. “From the Red Power movement to Idle No More.” International Socialists. (August 23, 2013.)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Red Power movement," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Alcatraz Island," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,