Sources for Dollop #350 - Wells Fargo

·    “Declaration of Elizabeth M. Jacobson” United States District Court for the District of Maryland. Case 1:08-cv-00062-JFM (Filed October 21, 2010)

·    “Declaration of Tony Pascal” United States District Court for the District of Maryland. Case 1:08-cv-00062-JFM (Filed October 21, 2010)

·    Egan, Matt. “Lawmakers: Wells Fargo a 'criminal enterprise' like Enron.” CNN (September 29, 2016)

·    Wattles, Jackie. “U.S.: Wells Fargo illegally repossessed 413 service members' cars.” CNN (September 30, 2016)

·    Egan, Matt. “Wells Fargo's CEO is getting a 36% raise after the bank's nightmare year.” CNN (March 15, 2018)

·    “Bailed out banks.” CNN (2018)

·    Bryan, Bob. “The Wells Fargo scandal is far from over.” Business Insider (Oct. 13, 2016)

·    Ericson, Edward Jr. “Wells Fargo employee who exposed questionable practices faces foreclosure.” Baltimore Sun. (November 7, 2012)

·    Reckard, E. Scott. “Wells Fargo’s pressure-cooker sales culture comes at a cost” Los Angeles Times. (December 21, 2013)

·    Le, Phuong. “Seattle to cut ties with Wells Fargo over oil pipeline.” Penn Energy. (February 8, 2017) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/30/19 at:

·    “Baltimore Settles Landmark Fair Lending Case against Wells Fargo” Relman, Dane & Colfax, PLLC. (2015) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/30/19 at:

·    Appelbaum, Binyamin. “Fed Held Back as Evidence Mounted on Subprime Loan Abuses.” Washington Post (September 27, 2009)

·    Wikipedia contributors, "War Revenue Act of 1898," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·    Wells Fargo & Company NYSE – Nasdaq Real Time Price.

·    Wells Fargo & Company Media. “Wells Fargo’s Carrie Tolstedt to Retire at Year’s End; Mary Mack to Succeed Her as Head of Community Banking Effective July 31 [press release] Wells Fargo (July 12, 2016)

·    Calcuttawala, Zainab. “Wells Fargo Reduces 66% of Credit Lines to Oil and Gas Players.” Oil (May 25, 2016)

·    Spross, Jeff. “Opinion: The mind-blowing stupidity of Wells Fargo.” The Week. (September 12, 2016)

·    Levine, Matt. “Wells Fargo Opened a Couple Million Fake Accounts: You get what you measure, even if it's not what you wanted.” Bloomberg Opinion. (September 9, 2016)

·    Sherter, Alain. “Ex-Wells Fargo loan officer details shady practices.” CBS News: MoneyWatch. (September 8, 2009)

·    Attkisson, Sharyl. “Following The Bailout Money to Wells Fargo” CBS (February 9, 2009)

·    Sherter, Alain. Which Banks are -- and Aren't -- Modifying Home Loans? CBS News: MoneyWatch. (August 4, 2009)

·    Frost, Wilfred and Dawn Giel. “Wells Fargo board slams former CEO Stumpf and Tolstedt, claws back $75 million” CNBC (Apr 10 2017)

·   Mattera, Phillip. “Wells Fargo: Corporate Rap Sheet.” Corporate Research Project. (Last updated January 7, 2019)

·   Gonzalez, Juan and Amy Goodman interview Elizabeth Jackson. “Former Wells Fargo Subprime Loan Officer: Bank Targeted Black Churches as Part of Predatory Subprime Lending Scheme” [video and transcript] Democracy Now! (August 28, 2009)

·   Entrepreneur Staff. “Read Elizabeth Warren's Epic Smackdown of Wells Fargo CEO: 'Have you returned one nickel of the money you earned while this scam was going on?'” Entrepreneur. (September 21, 2016)

·   Lane, Ben. “Will New York City be the latest to cut ties with Wells Fargo? City reportedly considering canceling contract with bank” Housing Wire. (January 4, 2017)

·   Eichler, Alexander. “BofA, Wells Fargo, Citigroup Left TARP Early To Avoid Restrictions On Executive Pay: Report [UPDATE]” HuffPost (September 30, 2011; Updated December 6, 2017)

·   Powell, Michael. “Bank Accused of Pushing Mortgage Deals on Blacks” The New York Times. (June 6, 2009)

·   Corkery, Michael. “Wells Fargo Fined $185 Million for Fraudulently Opening Accounts.” The New York Times. (Sept. 8, 2016)

·   Hendrickson, James. “Disgraced Wells Fargo Executive Carrie Tolstedt Heavy Political Donor.” (September 12, 2016)

·   McCoy, Kevin. “Wells Fargo faces $1B fine from federal regulators over mortgage, auto loan abuses.” USA TODAY (April 13, 2018)

·   Sovereign Man. “The subprime mortgage is back: it’s 2008 all over again.” ValueWalk. (June 15, 2016.)

·   Mui, Ylan Q. “Ex-loan officer claims Wells Fargo targeted black communities for shoddy loans.” The Washington Post. (June 12, 2012)

·   Glazer, Emily. “Carrie Tolstedt: In the Eye of the Wells Fargo Storm: Executive who oversaw lender’s retail operations was known for her dogged attention to detail; senators want to know how the allegedly illegal sales practices could have escaped her notice” The Wall Street Journal. (Sept. 19, 2016)

·   Superior Court of California Case No. BC580778. The People of the State of California, Plaintiff vs. Wells Fargo & Company, Defendants. (Filed May 4, 2015)

·   Reuters. "Wells Fargo Fires 1,650 in Takeover" The Chicago Tribune (May 31, 1986) p 29

·   McCormick, John. "Norwest says this deal is different" The Des Moines Register (June 14, 1998) p 58/ G1

·   Peltz, James F. "Wells Fargo fires 4 execs after scandal: Former L.A. regional president is among those terminated by the banking giant" The Los Angeles Times (February 22 2017) p C1, C5

·   Staff Correspondence of The Times. "The Great Rodeo—How to Visit and Enjoy the Fair—A Word About Wells, Fargo & Co’s Achievements—If You Want to Be Safe and Happy Register With Them" The Los Angeles Times (June 11, 1893) p 12

·   Jackson, Joseph Henry. "Bookman’s Notebook: Story of Wells Fargo" The Los Angeles Times, (July 28, 1949) p 31

·   "Wells, Fargo & Co." The New York Times (March 20, 1855) p. 2

·   From the San Francisco Call. “The Express Messenger—Early Experiences In the Service of the Wells Fargo C.--$100,000 a Year Put Aside to Meet Highway Robberies in California Alone" The Pittsburgh Press (Jun 11, 1886) p 2

·   “No Title: We learn by Wells, Fargo & Co., that an affray occurred…” The Placer Herald (Rocklin, California) (October 22, 1853) p 2

·   "Wells Fargo Must Pay War Revenue Tax—Supreme Court Hands Down Important Decision—Express Company Must Put Stamps on All Receipts Issued." The San Francisco Call (April 7, 1901) p 13

·   “Rich Yellow Corporation Patriotism—Wells, Fargo & Co. Defy the Law and Cinch the Helpless Public.—They State Their Position and Tell the People How to Bunko Poor Old Uncle Sam." The San Francisco Call (August 3, 1898) p 16

·   "Forcing Wells, Fargo & Co. To Obey The Law—Revenue Tax Case to Be Tried—Discrimination Is Shown—Attorney General Ford’s Inaction—He Declines to Prosecute the Company For Palpably Violating the Law Under Which It Holds Its Charter" The San Francisco Call (August 6, 1899) p 7

·   "Wells Fargo’s Fight Against the Stamp Tax—The Cases Must Go to the Federal Courts—This Will Give the Patriotic Corporation the Desired Delay." The San Francisco Call (December 9, 1898) p 4

·   Antioch Ledger. "Public Will Welcome a New Express Company" The San Francisco Call (November 28, 1899) p 6

·   "Wells Fargo Forced to Pay the Tax" The San Francisco Call (October 25, 1898) p 14

·   "Piety and Tax Shirking" The San Francisco Call (September 11 1898) p 6

·   "Wells Fargo Must Pay" The San Francisco Chronicle (April 7, 1901) p. 24

·   Brown, Ellen. “Bank of North Dakota Soars Despite Oil Bust: A Blueprint for California?” Huffpost. (May 3, 2016 updated May 03, 2017)

·   “Wells Fargo” Violation Tracker Parent Company Summary. (2016)

·   Egan, Matt. “Wells Fargo accused of ripping off mom-and-pop shops.” CNN Business (August 11, 2017)

·   Egan, Matt. “5,300 Wells Fargo employees fired over 2 million phony accounts” CNN Money (September 9, 2016)

·   Egan, Matt. “Workers tell Wells Fargo horror stories” CNN Money (September 9, 2016)

·   Flitter, Emily. “The Former Khmer Rouge Slave Who Blew the Whistle on Wells Fargo” The New York Times. (March 24, 2018)

·   Jackson, Janine. “‘Many Banks Are Problematic, but Wells Fargo Is the Worst’: CounterSpin interview with Saqib Bhatti on Wells Fargo” FAIR: Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting. (April 25, 2017)

·   Cowley, Stacy. “Wells Fargo Workers Claim Retaliation for Playing by the Rules.” The New York Times. (September 26, 2016)

·   Curan, Catherine. “NY Federal judge slams Wells Fargo for forged mortgage docs.” New York Post. (January 31, 2015)

·   Wattles, Jackie. “U.S.: Wells Fargo illegally repossessed 413 service members' cars.” CNN Money. (September 30, 2016)

·   Egan, Matt. “Wells Fargo may have forced 570,000 customers into unneeded auto insurance.” CNN (July 28, 2017)

·   Dunbar, John “Bailed-out banks paid no income tax in some years, according to study.” The Center for Public Integrity. (November 3, 2011; Updated February 13, 2015)


Sources for Dollop #351 - Ghosts of Victoria

·   “Stabbed by a Ghost—White Smock and Coffin Lid.” Barrier Miner (10 June 1895) p. 3

·   “The Ballarat ‘Ghost.’—An Arrest Made—A Ballarat Sensation” Bendigo Advertiser (26 May 1904) p. 5

·   Bendigo Advertiser (24 May 1904) p. 4

·   “Another Ballarat Ghost—A Smart Encounter—The ‘Ghost’ Gets Clear” Bendigo Advertiser (14 July 1904) p. 5

·   “Eaglehawk” Bendigo Advertiser (23 July 1903) p. 3

·   Bendigo Advertiser (2 May 1895)

·   “The Ballarat ‘Ghost.’—A Clerk Arrested” North Western Advocate and the Emu Bay Times (30 May 1904) p. 4

·   Argus (25 June 1904) p. 13

·   “No Title: ‘A Plea for Ghosts’ was the subject of a lecture delivered …” Argus (4 July 1861) p. 5

·   From Our Correspondent “Wagga Wagga” Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1877) p. 7

·   “Miscellaneous” Northern Argus (26 March 1880) p. 3

·   “Playing the Ghost” Horsham Times (26 July 1895) p. 3

·   “The Ballarat ‘Ghost’” Register (28 June 1904) p. 4

·   “A Ballarat ‘Ghost’.—Captured and Flogged.” Colac Herald (12 May 1913) p. 2

·   “Thrashing A Ghost” Sunday Times (27 November 1898) p. 9

·   Hamer, Alex. “Ballarat ghost busters of the 1880s” Barossa Herald. (June 6, 2014)

·   Waldron, Dr. David. “Playing the Ghost: Ghost Hoaxing and Supernaturalism in late Nineteenth-Century Victoria.” Provenance: The Journal of Public Record Office Victoria, issue no. 13 (2014)

·   Hayes, Joseph “The Mischievous ‘Ghost Hoaxers’ of 19th-Century Australia: To stave off boredom, some people donned sheets and menaced the public.” Atlas Obscura. (August 2, 2017)


SOURCES FOR Ep 352 - John McCain


·   Welch, Matt. McCain: The Myth of a Maverick. St. Martin's Press (October 16, 2007)

·   Dickinson, Tim. “A ‘Maverick,’ Revisited: Tim Dickinson’s 2008 profile of then-presidential nominee John McCain offers a revealing portrait of the man who took on Obama.” Rolling Stone (October 16, 2008)

·   Silverman, Amy. “Postmodern John McCain: the presidential candidate some Arizonans know — and loathe.” Phoenix New Times (August 7, 2008)

·   Purdum, Todd. “Prisoner of Conscience” Vanity Fair (January 3, 2007)

·   Berman, Ari. “John McCain’s Voodoo Reformism: McCain’s close ties with lobbyists and corporate interests give the lie to his image as a maverick campaign finance reformer.” Type Investigations [formerly The Investigative Fund] (July 14, 2008)


·   Silverman, Amy “Don’t Cross John McCain” Playboy (February 2000)

·   Arizona Republic Editor. “Cindy McCain’s Ordeal: It goes with the territory” Arizona Republic (25 Aug 1994) p 30

·   Leonard, Susan. “Cindy McCain asked him to lie in adoption case, ex-staffer says” Arizona Republic (26 Aug 1994) p 3

·   Montini, E.J. “McCain sends a letter to ‘Someone’” Arizona Republic (26 Aug 1994) p 26

·   2007 Republican Debate in South Carolina (May 15, 2007)

·   Congressional Record Volume 148, Number 133 (Thursday, October 10, 2002) [Senate]

·   Nowicki, Dan and Bill Muller. “John McCain Report—Chapter 5: Arizona, The Early Years.” AZ Arizona’s Home Page (March 1, 2007)

·   Nowicki, Dan and Bill Muller. “John McCain Report—Chapter 7: The Keating Five.” AZ Arizona’s Home Page (March 1, 2007)

·   Nowicki, Dan and Bill Muller. “John McCain Report—Chapter 8: Overcoming Scandal, Moving On.” AZ Arizona’s Home Page (March 1, 2007)

·   Birger, Jon. “McCain’s farm flip: The senator has been a critic of ethanol. That doesn’t play in Iowa. So the Straight Talk Express has taken a detour.” Fortune (October 31, 2006)

·   McCain, John. “Senator McCain’s Concession Speech” The New York Times. (February 20, 2000)

·   Hoffower, Hillary “A look at the life and fortune of John McCain, who had a sprawling real estate portfolio and donated $1.7 million in book sales to charity.” Business Insider (Aug 25, 2019)

·   Flores, Reena “Study: 2008 McCain attack ads depicted Obama with darker skin tone.” CBS News. (December 31, 2015)

·   CNN Library “John McCain Fast Facts” CNN (August 31, 2018)

·   Bradner, Eric “McCain defends 'low-life scum' remark” CNN Politics (February 1, 2015)

·   Fantina, Robert. “John McCain: A Hero? Let’s Take a Closer Look.” Counterpunch (August 29, 2018)

·   Stein, Sam. “McCain Won’t Apologize For Vote Against Civil Rights Act” Huffpost (April 19, 2008, updated May 25, 2011)

·   Linkins, Jason. “Fred Thompson Describes McCain’s POW Experience In Graphic Detail” Huffpost (October 3, 2008, updated May 25, 2011)

·   Baxter, Holly. “Why can't anyone be honest about John McCain's legacy?” Independent. (August 28, 2018)

·   McCain, John “McCain Offers Amendment to Eliminate Ethanol Tax Subsidy Extension.” [press release] (March 11, 1998) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/30/19 at:

·   McCain, John and Ben Sasse. “Senators McCain & Sasse Announce Opposition To President’s Nominee For Trade Representative” [press release] (May 10, 2017) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 9/30/19 at:

· (page not found; not on

·   “Veterans Opposing Trump Nominee Tillerson Try to Meet with Senator McCain; McCain Staffers have them Arrested; #VetsRejectRex” Mining Awareness (January 20, 2017)

·   Russert, Tim, host. “Transcript.” Meet The Press NBC (November 12, 2006)

·   Jacobs, Col. Jack. “Opinion: John McCain's military record and legacy: A warrior who learned from his mistakes.” NBC News (August 26, 2018)

·   Kristof, Nicholas D. “P.O.W. to Power Broker, A Chapter Most Telling” The New York Times. (Feb. 27, 2000)

·   Kirkpatrick, David D. And Michael Cooper. “McCain Call Raises an Ethics Question” The New York Times. (July 12, 2007)

·   Herbst, Diane. “John McCain's First Wife Opens Up About Him Leaving Her to Marry Cindy: 'It Broke My Heart'” People (May 29, 2018)

·   Fitzpatrick, Tom. “McCain: The Most Reprehensible of the Keating Five” Phoenix New Times. (November 29, 1989)

·   Smith, Ben “McCain's humor often backfires” Politico. (July 18, 2008)

·   Martin, Jonathan. “Arizona blacks: Where’s McCain?” Politico. (April 8, 2008)

·   Martin, Jonathan and Mike Allen. “McCain unsure how many houses he owns” Politico. (August 21, 2008)

·   “John McCain.” Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump: An updating tally of how often every member of the House and the Senate votes with or against the president. Five Thirty Eight

·   Amrhein, Jamie. “Lining the Pockets of McCain’s Reform Institute.” The Center for Public Integrity. (August 8, 2008, updated May 19, 2014)

·   Welch, Matt. “Be Afraid of President McCain: The frightening mind of an authoritarian maverick.” Reason (April 2997)

·   Silverman, Amy. “How Cindy McCain was outed for drug addiction: When an attempt to get tough with a whistleblower backfired in 1994, the McCain spin machine went into overdrive, and the candidate's wife confessed to problems the media was already poised to reveal.” Salon (October 18, 1999)

·   Green, Joshua. “The Tragedy of Sarah Palin: From the moment Sarah Palin’s acceptance speech electrified the Republican convention, she was seen as an unbending, hard-charging, red-meat ideologue—to which soon was added “thin-skinned” and “vindictive.” But a look at what Palin did while in office in Alaska—the only record she has—shows a very different politician: one who worked with Democrats to tame Big Oil and solve the great problem at the heart of the state’s politics. That Sarah Palin might have set the nation on a different course. What went wrong?” The Atlantic (June 2011)

·   Seelye, Katharine Q. “Couric-Palin: The Supreme Court Question.” The Caucus: The Politics and Government Blog of the Times. (October 1, 2008)

·   Pareene, Alex. “I Don't Want To Hear Another Fucking Word About John McCain Unless He Dies Or Actually Does Something Useful For Once.” Deadspin. (February 17, 2014)

·   Savan, Leslie. “A Mad Men cameo for John McCain? McCain's sexist comments and opposition to women's rights should dissuade Hillary Clinton supporters from voting for him.” The Guardian (8 Aug 2008)

·   Hasan, Mehdi “Despite What The Press Says, “Maverick” Mccain Has A Long And Distinguished Record Of Horribleness” The Intercept (July 27, 2017)

·   Tuttle, Ross “McCain’s Bermuda Triangle: Just months after the Keating Five scandal, John McCain hosted a family reunion at a Bermuda Navy base — on the taxpayer's dime.” Type Investigations [formerly The Investigative Fund] (October 28, 2008)

·   Burke, Garance. “Palin's Christian expenses” The Star. (Oct. 12, 2008)

·   Terkel, Amanda. “Flashback: McCain joked about how much women love to be raped.” Think Progress (Jul 15, 2008)

·   Levy, Daniel S. “Inside John McCain's Journey From Annapolis to the Hanoi Hilton: How He Became a Prisoner of War” excerpted for TIME’s special edition about the life of John McCain. TIME Magazine. (September 11, 2018)

·   Motter, John, former Marine combat vet. “After sending us to war for corporate gain, John McCain had me and 7 other veterans arrested…” Twitter. (August 26, 2018)

·   Norwicki, Dan. “John McCain will oppose confirmation of Trump budget nominee Mick Mulvaney” USA Today. (Feb. 15, 2017)

·   Dobbs, Michael. “McCain fudges his Navy record.” The Washington Post: The Fact Checker: The Truth Behind The Rhetoric by Glenn Kessler. (October 6, 2008) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 10/1/19 at:

·   McGann, Laura. “John McCain, Sarah Palin, and the rise of reality TV politics: McCain empowered a demagogue who put the Republican Party on the path to Donald Trump.” Vox (Sep 1, 2018)

·   Milbank, Dana. “Unleashed, Palin Makes a Pit Bull Look Tame.” [Op-Ed] The Washington Post. (October 7, 2008)

·   Marcetic, Branko “John McCain: ‘American Hero’: Journalists and politicians venerating John McCain's civility and decency have a short memory. Jacobin Magazine. (July 28, 2017)

·   Johnson, Adam. “CNN Celebrates ‘Joy’ of McCain a Day After His Genocidal Threat” FAIR: Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting - Challenging media bias since 1986 (September 12, 2017)

·   Graham-Harrison, Emma. “Migrants from west Africa being ‘sold in Libyan slave markets’: UN migration agency says selling of people is rife in African nation that has slid into violent chaos since overthrow of Gaddafi.” The Guardian.  (10 Apr 2017, modified on Thu 28 Dec 2017)

·   Martin, Abby. “John McCain’s Legacy of Bloodlust & Warmongering” Breaking the Set [Russian network] RT America [video] (Feb 6, 2015)


Sources for Dollop #353 - Pemulwuy

·   Tench, Watkin. A Narrative of the Expedition to Botany Bay: With an Account of New South Wales, its Productions, Inhabitants, &c. To which is subjoined, A List of the Civil and Military Establishments at Port Jackson. J. Debrett. (1789)

·   Tench, Watkin. A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson: Including An Accurate Description of the Situation of the Colony; of the Natives; and Of Its Natural Productions. London: G. Nicol and J. Sewell (1793)

·   Collins, David, Philip Gidley King, and George Bass. An account of the English Colony In New South Wales: From Its First Settlement in January 1788, to August 1801: with Remarks on the Dispositions, Customs, Manners, &c., of the Native Inhabitants of that Country. To which are Added, Some Particulars of New Zealand; Compiled, by Permission, from the Mss. of Lieutenant-Governor King; and an Account of a Voyage Performed by Captain Flinders and Mr. Bass; by which the Existence of a Strait Separating Van Diemen's Land from the Continent of New Holland was Ascertained. Abstracted from the Journal of Mr. Bass. T. Cadell and W. Davies. (1804)

·   Woodroffe, Ronald D. “Pemulwuy” Noonjook: A Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues, Issue 9 (November 1993) 23-31

·   King, Robert J. “Eora And English At Port Jackson: A Spanish View” Aboriginal History, Vol.10, 919860

·   The Library Committee of the commonwealth Parliament. Historical Records of Australia. Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer. (1915)  

·   Dunbabin, T. “Head of Native as Gift to Governor” The Daily Telegraph (17 Oct 1933) p 5

·   “BBC to pay activists’ fares” The Canberra Times, (9 Feb 1990) p 3

·   Whigham, Nick, “Despite the efforts of politicians and royalty, the skull of the ‘rainbow warrior’ remains at large: He is one of the most important cultural figures in Australia’s history. Politicians and royalty alike have sought to find and return his skull. But the mystery remains.” (September 12, 2015)


Sources for Dollop #354 - The Hayes Tilden Nightmare

·   Morris, Roy Jr. Fraud of the Century: Rutherford B. Hayes, Samuel Tilden, and the Stolen Election of 1876. Simon & Schuster (February 4, 2003)

·   Rossen, Jake. “The Top-Secret Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes” Mental Floss (January 20, 2017)

·   O’Brien, Daniel. “5 Presidential Elections Even Dumber Than This One (Somehow)” Cracked (October 6, 2008)

·   King, Gilbert. “The Ugliest, Most Contentious Presidential Election Ever: Throughout the 1876 campaign, Tilden’s opposition had called him everything from a briber to a thief to a drunken syphilitic.” Smithsonian (September 7, 2012)

·   Monroe, James. “The Hayes-Tilden Electoral Commission: How Congress settled the disputed electoral count in the presidential election of 1876” The Atlantic. (October 1893)


Sources for Dollop #355 - Detroit Criminal Sophie Lyons

·   Nash, Jay Robert. The Great Pictorial History of World Crime, Volume 2. Scarecrow Press (April 29, 2004)

·   Bovsun, Mara. “‘Queen of the Underworld’ Sophie Lyons Burke murdered” New York Daily News. (June 10, 2013)

·   Lyons, Sophie. Why Crime Does Not Pay. J.B. Ogilvie Publishing (1913)


Sources for Dollop #356 - The Resnicks: Water Monsters

·   Resnick, Lynda. “The One True Copy of Jackie Kennedy's Real Fake Pearls” an excerpt from Rubies in the Orchard: The POM Queen's Secrets to Marketing Just About Anything.  Doubleday (February 17, 2009)

·   Harkinson, Josh. “Meet the California Couple Who Uses More Water Than Every Home in Los Angeles Combined: How megafarmers Lynda and Stewart Resnick built their billion-dollar empire.” Mother Jones. (August 9, 2016)

·   Fortini, Amanda “Pomegranate Princess: Lynda Resnick’s eye for a product.” The New Yorker. By (March 24, 2008/ March 31, 2008 Issue)

·   Bacher, Dan. “Meet the Resnicks, the Koch Brothers of California Water” Indybay: Central Valley (Sep 28th, 2014)

·   Burke, Garance. “LA billionaires sued over Calif water sales.” (April 11, 2010)

·   Lopez, Pablo. “Former fed Judge Oliver Wanger earns victory.” (December 11, 2012)

·   “End the practice of promising that doesn’t exist.” California Water Impact Network

·   Harkinson, Josh.  “These Popular Fruit and Veggie Brands May be Grown With Oil Wastewater: The practice is gaining popularity in drought=plagued California, but is it safe?” Mother Jones (July 24, 2015)

·   Gibler, John with assistance by Kevin Chapin and Logan Harris. “Water Heist: How Corporations Are Cashing In On California’s Water. Public Citizen. (December 2003)

·   Federal Trade Commission. “FTC Complaint Charges Deceptive Advertising by POM Wonderful: Agency Proceedings Will Determine Whether Health Claims for Pomegranate Products Are False and Not Supported by Scientific Evidence” [press release] (September 27, 2010)

·   Neptune Pacific Line (NPL) is part of The Wonderful Company, a US $4.6 billion international company headquartered in Los Angeles, CA. Its other companies include FIJI Water, Justin and Landmark Vineyards, Vintage Nurseries, Wonderful Citrus, Wonderful Pistachios and Almonds, Teleflora, POM Wonderful and Suterra.

·   University of Otago. “Researchers find answers to growing typhoid problem in the Pacific” Medical Xpress. (June 25, 2018)

·   U.S. Fish & Wildlife Services “Delta Smelt Q & A” Bay Delta Fish & Wildlife Office: Serving the people, conserving the fish, wildlife and plants of California. (July 6, 2017)

·   Williams, Lance and Katharine Mieszkowski. “California won’t identify who’s draining the state’s groundwater” Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting. (June 2, 2015)

·   Levine, Yasha. “The Story Of How Beverly Hills Billionaire Farmers Stewart And Lynda Resnick Have Privatized California’s Water Supply.” The Exiled. (November 19, 2009)

·   Arax, Mark. “A Kingdom from Dust.” The California Sunday Magazine. (January 31, 2018)

·   Gibler, John. “Lost In the Valley of Excess: California’s wealthiest growers, poorest workers, and the water between them…” Earth Island Journal. (Winter 2011)

·   “Dead in the Water – California” CBC News: The Fifth Estate (Broadcast on March 31, 2004)

·   Salter, Malcolm S. Innovation Corrupted: The Origins and Legacy of Enron's Collapse. Harvard University Press (June 30, 2008)


Sources for Dollop #357 - The Piedras Negras Jailbreak

·   Reid, Jan. “Busting Out of Mexico: It couldn’t happen this way in a million years—but it did.” Texas Monthly. (September 1976)

·   “Dizzy Davis” Online World of Wrestling. (April 28, 2014)

·   Associated Press. “Psychologist Admits Paying For Jail Break In Mexico” The Odessa American (11 May 1976) p 6

·   UPI “Man fears death after raid” El Paso Herald Post (June 29, 1976) p 24

·   Garcia, Fidel. “Two Found Guilty in Jailbreak Case.” Del Rio News Herald (Oct 3, 1976) p 1

·   Garcia, Fidel and Don Bryant “Fielden Testifies Against Associates” Del Rio News Herald (Sept 29, 1976) p 1, 13

·   Garcia, Fidel. “Lookout Thought Raid Was Government Job” Del Rio News Herald (Sept 30, 1976) p 1, 13

·   Bryant, Don “Cooter Davis Tells About Mexican Jails” Del Rio News Herald (Sept 30, 1976) p 1, 13

·   Matustik, David. “Jail raider: ‘Convicted’ Man” Irving Daily News (Feb 10, 1980) p 3


Sources for Dollop #358 - George H.W. Bush

·   Aris, Ben and Duncan Campbell. “How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power: Rumours of a link between the US first family and the Nazi war machine have circulated for decades. Now the Guardian can reveal how repercussions of events that culminated in action under the Trading with the Enemy Act are still being felt by today's president.” The Guardian. (25 Sep 2004)

·   Hodgson, Godfrey and Rupert Cornwell. “George HW Bush: WWII pilot, oilman, ambassador and founder of the United States' foremost political dynasty: After surviving being shot down as a pilot in the Second World War, then making his fortune in oil, George HW Bush went on to become – briefly – the most popular president since the invention of the opinion poll” Independent. (1 December 2018)

·   DeYoung, Karen, David Montgomery, Missy Ryan, Ishaan Tharoor and Jia Lynn Yang. “‘This was not an accident. This was a bomb.’: Secret police, hired killers and a former Chilean diplomat’s brazen murder in the streets of D.C.: The assassination of Orlando Letelier, as told by those who knew him and found his killers” The Washington Post. (September 20. 2016)

·   Parry, Robert. “George H.W. Bush, the CIA and a Case of State-Sponsored Terrorism” Consortium News: Independent Investigative Journalism and Political Review Since 1995. (December 1, 2018)

·   Kohn, Howard and Vicki Monks.  “The Dirty Secrets of George Bush: The Vice President’s illegal operations” Rolling Stone (November 2, 1988)

·   Guma, Greg. “The Bush Family, Batista and the Contras Dark Alliances. The Role of Jeb Bush” Global Research: Centre for Research on Globalization. (October 11, 2015)

·   Jackson, Robert L. and Ronald J. Ostrow. “Bush Pardons Weinberger, 5 Others in Iran-Contra; Act Called Cover-Up : Inquiry: Prosecutor accuses President of misconduct, claims Bush kept own notes of arms-for-hostages affair. Christmas Eve clemency scuttles six-year investigation.” Los Angeles Times. (Dec. 25, 1992)

·   Hayes, Thomas C. “CONFRONTATION IN THE GULF; The Oilfield Lying Below the Iraq-Kuwait Dispute” The New York Times (Sept. 3, 1990) p 7

·   Blitz, Matt. “The Inside Story Of The Lafayette Park Crack Bust That George H.W. Bush Used To Sell The War On Drugs” DCist (December 4, 2018)

·   Mjdurfee “#KEITHJACKSONMATTERS: The Kid That Sold Crack To The President” Points: The Blog of the Alcohol & Drugs History Society. (March 31, 2016)

·   Johnston, David. “Bush Pardons 6 in Iran Affair, Aborting a Weinberger Trial; Prosecutor Assails 'Cover-Up'” The New York Times (December 25, 1992)

·   “George Bush Snr 'groped 16-year-old girl' during 2003 photo op” BBC News (13 November 2017)

·   The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica “Iran Air flight 655” Encyclopædia Britannica (June 26, 2019)

·   Jones, Athena “First on CNN: New George H.W. Bush accuser says he groped her during 1992 re-election campaign” CNN (November 17, 2017)

·   McKenna, Dave “Second Woman: George H.W. Bush Groped Me” Deadspin. (October 25, 2017)

·   McGann, Laura. “8 women say George H.W. Bush groped them. Their claims deserve to be remembered as we assess his legacy.: Those we entrust with power need to use it for all of us.” Vox (Dec 1, 2018)

·   Coll, Steve and William Branigin “U.S. Scrambled To Shape View Of 'Highway Of Death'” The Washington Post. (March 11, 1991)

·   Martin, Rachel speaks with Feisal Istrabadi, Iraq's former ambassador to the U.N., “Examining Former President George H.W. Bush's Legacy In Iraq” NPR: Morning Edition with host David Greene. (December 7, 2018)

·   AFP “Bitter Iraqis remember George H.W. Bush as ‘Mr Embargo’” Rudaw (January 12, 2018)

·   “AP Was There: The Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill hearings” Associated Press. (September 26, 2018)

·   Oreskes, Michael “Approval of Bush, Bolstered by Panama, Soars in Poll.” The New York Times (Jan. 19, 1990) p A20

·   Peppe, Matt “The Invasion of Panama” CounterPunch (December 15, 2014)

·   Signorile, Michelangelo. “Opinion: The Media Is Erasing George H.W. Bush’s Catastrophic Harm To LGBTQ People” Huffpost. (December 2, 2018)

·   Taibbi, Matt. “A Brief History of Everything That Happened Because of George H.W. Bush’s Insecurity: He was called a wimp. He overcompensated. People went to jail and died.” Rolling Stone. (December 7, 2018)

·   Robinson, Nathan J. “I’m Sorry But This Is Just Sheer Propaganda” Current Affairs: A Magazine of Politics & Culture. (December 09, 2018)

·   Hasan, Mehdi. “The Ignored Legacy of George H.W. Bush: War Crimes, Racism, and Obstruction of Justice” The Intercept (December 1 2018)

·   Scahill, Jeremy. “George H.W. Bush (1924-2018), American War Criminal” Intercepted [podcast] (December 5, 2018)

·   Pitt, William Rivers. “George H.W. Bush Empowered Atrocity Abroad and Fascists at Home” [Op-Ed] Truthout (December 4, 2018)

·   AP “Defense officials blame U.S. crew in jet’s downing” Lincoln Journal Star (Aug 3, 1988) p 1, 7

·   The New York Times. “Reaction is cautious after Airbus report.” San Bernardino County Sun (Aug 4, 1988) p 7

·   Howard, Lucy. “Seeking a Stand-in for the Duke.” Newsweek (August 15, 1988)

·   Kaus, Mickey with Timothy Noah. “How to Run for No. 2.” Newsweek (August 15, 1988)


Sources for Dollop #359 - Sam Houston and The Archive War

·   Texas General Land Office. “The Other side of the Archives War: How the Republic of Texas and the General Land Office Were Held Hostage” Medium (Dec 29, 2017)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Texas Archive War," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Boggs, Johnny D. “As Big As Texas: Sam Houston” Wild West magazine. (April 2015)

·   Kreneck, Thomas H. “Houston, Sam” Texas State Historical Association (June 15, 2010, modified on April 5, 2018)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Republic of Texas," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Humphrey, David C. PEG LEG: The Improbable Life of a Texas Hero, Thomas William Ward, 1807-1872. Texas State Historical Association (May 28, 2009)

·   Wyman, Franklin K. “Wyman on Humphrey, 'Peg Leg: The Improbable Life of a Texas Hero, Thomas William Ward, 1807-1872'” [book review] H-Disability (January, 2010)


Sources for Dollop #360 William Buckley


Sources for Dollop #361 - The Truck Nutz War

·   Lamoureux, Mack. “The Bitter Battle Between Two Men Who Both Say They Invented Truck Nuts: Both David Ham and John D. Saller made a living selling vehicular testicles, but who came up with the concept first?” Vice. (Jul 20 2015)

·   Ripoff Report “Report: #409343” Wherein John Sallers and John Beaman, of Bulls Balls, are accused of price fixing, mail fraud, false advertising and more.

·   Complaints Board. A one star review for Bulls Balls with replies that include a list the dozen traits that sociopaths have.

·   Jeffrey, Ashley. “Offensive car décor could get you ticketed in Edgefield” 12 WRDW (February 17, 2009)

·   Rein, Lisa “Fake Private Parts Are No Joke, Myers Says” The Washington Post (February 23, 2007)

·   “Obscenity trial delayed in truck testicle case” The Post and Courier. (Oct 31, 2011)

·   Rivera, Ray. “Trial continued for woman cited for displaying plastic testicles on truck.” Live 5 WCSC (December 13, 2011)

·   Your Nuts: Purveyor of Premium Novelty Testicles Since 1997

·   Apple, Lauri. “Woman's 'Obscene' Truck Nutz Land Her in Court.” Gawker. (July 27, 2011)

·   Conlan, Nicole. “How A Retired School Administrator Became The CEO Of Truck Nutz.” Jalopnik. (March 7, 2015)

·   TRUCK NUTS - A Quest for the Truth – We are and have been the Premium Manufacturer AND Purveyor of Bulls Balls® And Big Boy Nuts™ since 1999!

·   Garvin, Leland. “Florida Senate amendment takes on ‘Truck Nutz’” Garvin Law Firm: Florida Personal Injury Law Blog. (April 18, 2008)

·   “Obituary: John D. Saller” Williams News: Gateway to the Grand Canyon. (March 26, 2014)

·   Applegate, Aaron. “Virginia bill would snip anatomical accessories off vehicles” The Virginian-Pilot. (Jan 16, 2008)

·   Cushing, Tim. “Driver Sues State After Receiving Ticket For 'Obscene' Stick Figure Vehicle Decal” TechDirt (March 14, 2017)

·   Scott, Adam “Bulls Balls: A Favorite Truck Decoration” Smile Politely. (May 29, 2008)


Sources for Dollop #362 - Moving Day

·   “Moving Day” An exhibit is curated by Aleksandr Gelfand, BA '04 under the supervision of Professor Sandra Roff and designed by Hassan Jamil, BBA '06. Baruch College. Originally accessed at: Accessed on 10/1/19 at:

·   “May-Day and House Rent” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (January 18 1847) p 2

·   “New York City News: Moving Day” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (May 1 1860) p 3

·   The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (April 28 1862)

·   “May Day—Moving Miseries—The Demand for Houses—Rents Going Down Rapidly—More Houses Than Tenants—Extortionate Carmen, and How to Treat Them—May Memories, &c.” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (April 28 1869) p 2

·   “House Rents” The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (May 2 1908) p 2

·   The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (April 28 1925)

·    “Facetious Landlords” The New York Times (February 13 1854) p 4

·   “The Day” The New York Times (May 1 1856) p 4

·   “Rents and Real Estate” The New York Times (February 3 1867) p 4

·   “Incidents of May Day In the city—Children’s Festival in Central Park Smaller than Usual.—Most of the Moving Done Was by Residents Getting Out of the Tenderloin—Many Evictions.” The New York Times (May 2 1901) p 7

·   “May 1 Movings are Few—Real Estate Men Changed Custom with October Leases—Scarcity of Unoccupied Houses and Flats on the Upper West Side—East Side Loses.” The New York Times (May 2 1903)

·   Eldredge, Barbara. “Moving Day: Why Old-Timey Brooklynites Dreaded May 1, and Why Real Estate Mavens Studied It” Brownstoner. (April 29, 2016)

·   Howe, Richard. “Hovels Or Holes? Notes On The First Dutch Houses On Manhattan” The Gotham Center for New York City History. (October 17, 2012)

·   Scherzer, Kenneth A. The Unbounded Community: Neighborhood Life and Social Structure in New York City, Duke University Press Books (1992) (via google books)

·   Gold, David L. “Moving Day in Old New York City: A Custom of Dutch Origin? de Halve Maen: Journal of The Holland Society of New York (Spring 2007) p 9

·   Margo, Robert. “The Rental Price of Housing in New York City, 1830–1860.” The Journal of Economic History. 56. (1996). 605-625.

·   Spencer, Joseph A. “New York City Tenant Organizations and the Post-World War Housing Crisis” from The Tenant Movement in New York City, 1904-1984. Ronald Lawson (Editor) Rutgers University Press (September 1, 1986)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Moving Day (New York City)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "History of New York City (1855–1897)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Rent control in New York," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Gardner, Deborah S. “Notes on New York’s housing history” The Architectural League NY. (1989)


Sources for Dollop #363 - The Convent in Charlestown

·   Monk, Maria. Awful disclosures of Maria Monk: As Exhibited in a Narrative of Her Sufferings During a Residence Of Five Years as a Novice, and Two Years as a Black Nun, in the Hotel Dieu Nunnery at Montreal. London: Truslove & Bray, Ltd. (1836)

·   Kenneally, James. “The Burning of an Ursuline Convent: A Different View” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia Vol. 90, No. 1/4 (March - December, 1979), pp. 15-21

·   Lockwood, Robert P. “Convent Horror Stories” Catholic Answers: To Explain & Defend the Faith. (March 1, 2008)

·   ”Anti-Irish Know Nothing Mob Burns a Charlestown Convent in 1834” New England Historical Society. (Updated 2019)

·   Reed, Theresa. Six Months in a Convent, Or, The Narrative of Rebecca Theresa Reed, who was Under the Influence of the Roman Catholics about Two Years, and an Inmate of the Ursuline Convent on Mount Benedict, Charlestown, Mass., Nearly Six Months, in the Years 1831-2. Russell, Odiorna & Metcalf (1835)

·   Schultz, Nancy Lusignan. Fire & Roses: The Burning of the Charlestown Convent, 1834. Free Press (October 17, 2000)


Sources for Dollop #364 - Proctor and Satan

·    Skvarla, Robert. “When 1980s Satanic Panic Targeted Procter & Gamble: The company spent decades battling false claims that it was in league with the Devil.” Atlas Obscura. (July 13, 2017)

·    Strouth, Chris. “How I burned the guys who wanted me to burn my KISS records” City Pages. (March 8, 2013)

·   Belkin, Lisa. “Procter & Gamble Fights Satan Story.” The New York Times. (April 18, 1985) p C3

·   Fisher, Kieran. “Satanic Panic: America’s War On Heavy Metal in the 1980’s” Heavy Blog is Heavy. (November 30, 2016)

·   Blumenfeld, Laura “Procter Gamble's Devil Of A Problem.” The Washington Post. (July 15, 1991)

·   Werwein, Austin C. “Logo Rumors Haunt P&G” The Washington Post. (March 26, 1980)

·   UPI “P&G files lawsuit over Satan rumors” UPI Archives (August 28, 1995)

·   AP “Procter & Gamble Wins Satanic Civil Suit” CBS News. (March 20, 2007)

·   UPI “Trademark Haunting Proctor & Gamble” Daily Press (Newport News, VA) (March 28, 1980) p 48

·   Fuller, Jim “Rumor giving Company a devil of a time.” Star Tribune (March 25, 1980) p 1, 8

·   The Associated Press “Satan rumor dogs Proctor & Gamble” Fort Lauderdale News and Sun-Sentinel (Jan 23 1982) p 12B


Sources for Dollop #365 - Thomas Morton

·   Heath, William. “Thomas Morton: From Merry Old England to New England.” Journal of American Studies Vol. 41 (March 8, 2007)

·   “The Maypole That Infuriated the Puritans” New England Historical Society. (updated 2019)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Thomas Morton (colonist)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for Dollop #366 - Pilot Hans Bertram

·   Bertram, Hans. Flight into Hell. Currey O'Neil (January 1, 1985) [first printed in German in 1930]

·   Winter, Barbara. Atlantis is Missing: A gripping true story of survival in the Australian wilderness. Angus & Robertson (1979)


Sources for Dollop #367 - Alice Roosevelt

· (site not available; not on

·   Felsenthal, Carol. “A Presidential Daughter You Could Pick On” Alice Roosevelt Longworth was the sassiest offspring ever to occupy the White House.” Politico Magazine. (December 03, 2014)

·   Carlson, Grant. “Torpedo Boat Alice” The Roosevelt Center at Dickinson State University. (April 16, 2012) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 10/2/19 at:

·   Quinn, Sally. “At 90, Alice Roosevelt Longworth didn't care who she offended in this mean, funny 1974 interview.” The Washington Post (March 29, 2016)

·   Hansen, Liane “New Biography of Roosevelt Daughter” NPR: Weekend Edition Sunday (November 4, 2007)

·   Onion, Rebecca “Celebrity Baby Feeding Frenzy, 1920s-Style” The Vault: Slate’s history blog. (Jan 25, 2013)

·   Holland, Evangeline. “Princess Alice: The Irrepressible Miss Roosevelt.” Edwardian Promenade: Your #1 source for Edwardian history! (January 15, 2009) Originally accessed at: Accessed on 10/2/19 at:

·   “Theodore Roosevelt's diary the day his wife and mother died, 1884” Rare Historical Photos. (June 14, 2014)

·   Frey, Holly and Tracy V. Wilson. “Alice Roosevelt.” Stuff You Missed in History Class [podcast] (May 4, 2015)

·   Hansen, Stephen A. “What Once Was Princess Alice’s Palace.” The InTowner: Since 1968—Serving Washington D.C.’s Intown Neighborhoods. (September 10, 2012)

·   Curland, Richard. “Historically Speaking: Alice Lee Roosevelt was a favorite first daughter.” The Bulletin. (December 14, 2013)

·   Yardley, Jonathan. “A Roosevelt who married one politician and bore another's child.” The Washington Post. (October 21, 2007)

·   Peyser, Marc and Timothy Dwyer. “The Roosevelts who despised each other: The untold story of Eleanor Roosevelt and Alice Roosevelt Longworth: The do-gooder first lady and the acid-tongued conservative writer battled for decades -- and changed D.C. for women” Salon. (April 5, 2015)

·   Rozek, Stacy. “The First Daughter of the Land: Alice Roosevelt as Presidential Celebrity, 1902-1906” Presidential Studies Quarterly (Winter 1989) pp 51-70


Sources for Dollop #368 - Operation Wetback


·   Hernandez, Kelly Lytle. “Largest deportation campaign in U.S. history is no match for Trump’s plan: Operation Wetback actually eased immigration law enforcement in the U.S.-Mexico border region” The Conversation. (March 8, 2017)

·   Garcia, Juan Ramon. Operation Wetback: The Mass Deportation of Mexican Undocumented Workers in 1954. Praeger (1980)

·   Currier, Cora. “The Long History Of Deportation Scare Tactics At The U.S.-Mexico Border” The Intercept. (February 26, 2017)


·   Cunningham, Jerry. Operation Wetback: The Brown Scare and Mass Deportation During The Cold War. Amazon Digital Services (2016)

·   Palumbo-Liu, David. Asian/American: Historical Crossings of a Racial Frontier. Stanford University Press (1999)

·   Chavez, Linda. "Donald Trumps America: his notions about the evils of immigration are based on untruths that promote ideas noxious to conservatives and imperil the legacy of the Republican Party." Commentary Oct. 2015, p. 13+.

·   Florido, Adrian. “Mass Deportation May Sound Unlikely, But It's Happened Before” NPR Morning Edition (September 8, 2015)

·   “Depression, War, and Civil Rights: Hispanics in the Southwest” United States House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives. (2013)

·   Lampe, Philip E. “Bracero Program.” Immigration to the United States. (2015)

·   NFWM-YAYA Staff. “Timeline of Agricultural Labor.” National Farm Worker Ministry. (2017)

·   Hyman, Louis and Natasha Iskander.  “What the Mass Deportation of Immigrants Might Look Like: Operation Wetback didn’t merely enforce immigration law—it enforced the idea that American citizens are white.” Slate. (November 16, 2016)

·   “The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)” Office of the Historian, Foreign Service Institute: United States Department of State (2012)

·   Heer, Jeet. “Operation Wetback Revisited: The horrifying story of the program Donald Trump wants to emulate.” The New Republic. (April 25, 2016)

·   Smith, Laura. “The man responsible for the modern NRA killed a Hispanic teenager, before becoming a border agent: Harlon Carter led the evolution from sporting advocacy to political juggernaut.” Timeline. (Jul 6, 2017)

·   Smith, Laura. “ ‘Operation Wetback’” uprooted a million lives and tore families apart. Sound familiar? The 1950s scheme to deport Mexicans was as racist as its name.” Timeline (Jan 30, 2018)

·   “Immigration: Donald J. Trump’s Vision” Trump Pence: Make American Great Again! 2016

·   Reston, Maeve. “How Trump's deportation plan failed 62 years ago” CNN (January 19, 2016)

·   “Table 39. Aliens Removed Or Returned: Fiscal Years 1892 To 2015” United States Department of Homeland Security. (2015)

·   Railton, Ben. “DACA, The 1924 Immigration Act And American Exclusion: T”hose histories offer a clear and helpful way to think about these current debates. Huffpost (Sep 07, 2017)

·   Medina, Brenda and Glenn Garvin. “Trump dialed it up to 10, but his predecessors often treated migrants with disdain” McClatchy: DC Bureau (July 02, 2018)

·   Peralta, Eyder. “It Came Up In The Debate: Here Are 3 Things To Know About 'Operation Wetback'” NPR. (November 11, 2015)

·   Lambert, Bruce. “Harlon B. Carter, Longtime Head Of Rifle Association, Dies at 78” The New York Times. (Nov. 22, 1991)

·   Troy, Gil. “The Teen Killer Who Radicalized the NRA: Harlon Carter transformed the NRA from a rifle club into the take-no-prisoners anti-gun-control powerhouse. But he also had a very dark past.” (October 8, 2017; updated August 28, 2019)

·   Ramírez, María. “La deportación masiva de Eisenhower que Trump admira no funcionó, pero sí su reforma migratoria: La 'Operación Espalda Mojada' provocó muertes, corrupción y sacó menos indocumentados de los que decía el Gobierno, en cambio la ordenación del control de la frontera y la emisión de más visados de trabajo fomentaron la calma.” Univision. (22 Feb 2017)

·   Lind, Dara. “Operation Wetback, the 1950s immigration policy Donald Trump loves, explained” Vox (Nov 11, 2015)

·   Hellyer, David. “Border Patrol Halting Entry of ‘Wetbacks’” Arizona Daily Star (November 7, 1957) p22

·   Hellyer, David. “Operation Wetback: U.S.A.-Mexican Border ‘Sealed’: Illegal Entry Cut To Practically Nothing After Gen. Swing Took Over Border Patrol.” Arizona Daily Star (November 8, 1957) p36

·   Hellyer, David. “25 Men to 1,000 Miles: First Border Patrolmen Few – And Spread Thin.” Arizona Daily Star (November 10, 1957) p6

·   U.P. “Wetbacks Face Long Plane Ride: U.S. To Dump Them in Southern Mexico” Arizona Daily Star (November 29, 1957) p42

·   Associated Press “Bracero Contracts Cancelled” The Austin American-Statesman (April 7, 1951) p8

·   U.P. “Immigration Officer Charged With Mistreating Farm Worker” The Bakersfield Californian (October 30, 1952) p 43

·   U.P. “Ike Tells Brownell to Use Power to Halt ‘Wetbacks’” The Billings Gazette (August 18, 1953) p1

·   “Protests Mount Against Border Patrol’s Tactics” The Brownsville Herald (January 6, 1950) p1,2

·   “Border Patrol Silent on Beating Case” The Brownsville Herald (March 3, 1950) p1,2

·   Cole, Robert J. “Mexico Looks at Texas: Newspaper Claims Mexicans Exploited When In The U.S.” The Brownsville Herald (March 9, 1950) p17

·   AP “Immigration Service Slated to Finance Alien Train-Lift” The Brownsville Herald (August 20, 1952) p 1, 2

·   U.P. “Newspaper Charges Officers With Mistreating Wetbacks” The Brownsville Herald (June 7, 1953) p1

·   Watts, Bill “‘Hot-Foot lift’: Deportees Bus-Lifted From Here To San Pedro Saturday” The Brownsville Herald (June 9, 1953) p1, 2

·   “‘Boatlift Loses Pair’” The Brownsville Herald (September 10, 1954) Page 1

·   “Midwest Alien Drive Opens: Patrol To Fly Aliens South For Boatlift.” The Brownsville Herald (September 17, 1954) Page 1, 2

·   “Border Patrol Does It Again” The Brownsville Herald (October 11, 1954), Page 1, 2

·   “Family Broken Up By Patrol” The Brownsville Herald, (October 14, 1954) Thu, Page 1

·   U.P. “Inspection of Boatlift Due: Defense is Made For ‘Hell Ship’” The Brownsville Herald (August 23, 1956) p1

·   MacCabe, Thomas. “Wetback Drive Criticized By Valley Farmers” Brownwood Bulletin (July 16, 1954) p25

·   Grossman, Ron. “Deportation Force: In 1954, workers from Mexico were rounded up and flown out of Chicago.” Chicago Tribune (March 5, 2017) p 21

·   Easley, Tex “Straight-Shootin’ Texan Chief of United States Border Patrol” The Eagle (Bryan, TX) (August 1, 1952) p 6

·   Associated Press “Operation Wetback Looks Like Success” The Eagle (Bryan, TX) (July 5, 1955) p7

·   “Wetback Roundup Cuts Crime, Says Immigration Chief: apprehension of Mexican Aliens Reduced To Only 350 a Day; 3000 One Year Ago” El Paso Herald-Post (July 20, 1955) p 13

·   “Few Wetbacks Being Processed” El Paso Times, (October 20, 1950) p24

·   “Deported Wetbacks Signed As Farm Contract Workers” El Paso Times, (October 11, 1953) p 1,4

·   Zinser, Ben “2000 Arrested Daily: Uncle Sugar Engaged in ‘War of Wetbacks’” Independent Press-Telegram, (August 23, 1953) p 1, 24

·   Neiswender, Charles “Operation Wetback Called Big Saving” Long Beach Independent, (August 2, 1955) p 3

·   “Wetbacks’ Detention Camp Slated: Elysian Park Will Be Focal Point in Alien Roundup” Los Angeles Times, (June 12, 1954) p 2

·   “Fast-Moving Raiders Nab 500 in L.A. Wetback Roundup” Los Angeles Times, (June 18, 1954) p 1, 2

·   Dredge, Bill “Wetbacks Herded at Nogales Camp: 1187 Wait in Blistering Heat for Last Leg of Journey Home” Los Angeles Times, (June 20, 1954) p 2

·   U.P. “Relations with Mexico Damaged, Fruit Growers’ Official Says: Brutal Mistreatment of Wetbacks Charged” Lubbock Evening Journal, (October 12, 1953) p 30

·   Armstrong, Brice “Reporters Barred: U.S. Immigration Man Begins Shooting Probe” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (April 13, 1950) p 1-2

·   “Sutherland Scoffs At Hardin Charge” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (April 14, 1950) p 1-2

·   “‘Third Degree Methods’ Out, Immigration Chiefs Say Here” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (April 17, 1950) p 1-2

·   Armstrong, Brice. “New Patrolmen Due for Valley” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 13, 1951) p1

·   “Jury Condemns Airlift, But Wetbacks Like It” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 20, 1951) p1

·   “300 Wetbacks First Airlift Riders: More Waiting To Go; 360 to Make Air Tour Daily” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 15, 1952) p 1

·   Associated Press. “Compared to Nazis: Alien Camp Brutal, Mexican Paper Says” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 16, 1952) p1

·   “Truman O.K.’s Alien Camp” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 19, 1952) p1

·   “Operation Outrage Funds Held Up: detention Camp, Airlift May be Discontinued” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (June 26, 1952) p1

·   “Airlift to Close Down Friday: Operation Outrage Grinding To Stop For Lack of Funds; Work on Civet Scenter Stops” The Monitor McAllen, TX (June 29, 1952) p1

·   “New ‘Buslift’ Plan to Return Wetbacks Now in Full Swing” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (April 7, 1953) p2

·   “Rumors Fly as Roundup Speeded: Officials Won’t Talk on Rumors” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (July 16, 1954) p1

·   U.P “Mexico Amazed at U.S. Deportation of Wetbacks” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (July 16, 1954) p1

·   “Bracero Center Swamped After Wetback Drive” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (July 16, 1954) p1

·   U.P “90,000 More Braceros To Be Contracted” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (July 16, 1954) p1

·   “Fantastic Wetback Boatlift Is Scheduled to Start Today” The Monitor McAllen, TX (September 3, 1954) p 1

·   “5 Drown in Jump From Wetback Ship Mercurio” The Monitor, McAllen, TX (August 27, 1956) p1, 3

·   Barrett, George. “U.S. Is Charged Before U.N. With Tolerating Slave Labor.” The New York Times (March 3, 19500 p 1, 16

·   Hill, Gladwin. “California Jobs Going to Mexicans In Areas Having Huge Idle Rolls; 'Wetbacks,' the Illegal Entrants, Take Farm Work Away From Americans Widely Destitute for Lack of Employment Contrast of Statistics Figures on Legal Entrants Much Exploitation Alleged Domestic Labor Backed.” The New York Times (March 28, 1950) p 35

·   “Wetback Problem.” The New York Times (November 28, 1952) p 24

·   UP “Mexican Army Acts To Halt 'Wetbacks'” The New York Times (Aug. 24, 1953) p 23

·   Special to the New York Times. “Wetbacks Deported Into Isolated Area. The New York Times (October 3, 1953) p 2

·   Gruson, Sydney. “MEXICO RESENTS U.S. HIRING POLICY—North-of-the-Border Signing of Migrants Held Unfair — National Pride a Factor” The New York Times (January 24, 1954) p 10

·   Hill, Gladwin. “Two Every Minute Across the Border; Mexican ‘wetbacks’ continue to invade the U. S. in an unending -- and uncontrolled -- stream. Two Every Minute Across The Border” The New York Times (January 31, 1954) p 192

·   Hill, Gladwin. “‘WETBACK' DROVES FLEEING TO BORDER; Big U. S. Dragnet On Today to Rid Southern California of Mexican Migrants.” The New York Times (June 17, 1954) p 29

·   UP “Rio Grande Drowns Many Of 'Wetbacks'” The New York Times (Aug. 12, 1954) p 9

·   Associated Press. “DOG PATROLS PROTESTED; Kuchel Calls Use Barbaric in Wetback Policing” The New York Times (Feb. 25, 1956) p 22

·   Associated Press. “‘Operation Wetback’ Called Help in Subversive Battle.” The Paris News, (July 21, 1955) p 4

·   Associated Press “Smugglers of Wetbacks Get Three-Year Terms” San Bernardino Sun, (May 1, 1953), p 45

·   U.P. “Pat Brown Demands Strick Border Guard, Sees Wetbacks as Menace” San Bernardino Sun, (September 17, 1953), p 13

·   Associated Press. “Pickets Protest Wetback Drive” San Bernardino Sun, (June 29, 1954), p 3

·   Associated Press “American Boy, 15, Says He Was Held 11 Hours in Wetback Raid” San Bernardino Sun, (September 2, 1954) p 3

·   Wang, Yanan “Trump backs 1950s model for deportation” The Santa Fe New Mexican, (October 1 2015) pA002

·   Associated Press “Deportee Ship Declared ‘Fit,’ Official Says: Insected Before Trip on Which 40 Leaped Overboard as Protest Over Vessel” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, (August 29, 1956) p17

·   Hill, Gladwin. “The ‘Wetback’ Problem pt 1: Million a Year Flee Mexico Only To Find Peonage in U.S.” The Valley Morning Star, (April 30, 1951) p 4, 8

·   Hill, Gladwin. “The ‘Wetback’ Problem pt 2: ‘Wetback Peonage’ Brings Farmers Fabulous Profits” The Valley Morning Star, (May 1, 1951) p4, 14

·   Hill, Gladwin. “The ‘Wetback’ Problem pt 3: ‘Peonage’ of Wetbacks Hits Living Standards for All” The Valley Morning Star, (May 2, 1951), p3, 4

·   Hill, Gladwin. “The ‘Wetback’ Problem pt 4: Southwest Takes Wetback Labor as ‘Vested Right’” The Valley Morning Star, (May 3, 1951), p4

·   Hill, Gladwin. “The ‘Wetback’ Problem pt 5: Many Wetback ‘Solutions’’ Proposed But Few Liked” The Valley Morning Star, (May 4, 1951), p4

·   “Valley CofC Opposes Penalty On Employment of Wetbacks: Tompkins Wires Senators and Rep. Bentsen Of Attitude on Senate’s Bracer Measure” The Valley Morning Star, (June 10, 1951), p 4

·   “Petitions Ask Moratorium On Deportation of Aliens: 267 Sign Quickly Following Edinburg Meeting But Many Oppose Action as Unwise.” The Valley Morning Star, (June 13, 1951), p1

·   U.P. “Alien Airlift Is Suspended” The Valley Morning Star, (October 31, 1951), p11

·   “‘Buslift’ Add Women, Kids” The Valley Morning Star, (April 16, 1953), p12

·   U.P. “Wetback Ship Charged Unfit For Passengers” The Valley Morning Star, (September 9, 1956), p1

·   U.P. “Concentration Camp Denied by U.S., Latin” Victoria Advocate, (February 24, 1955) Page 8

·   U.P. “Wetback Airlift Is Cruel, Says Grand Jury” The Waxahachie Daily Light (June 20, 1951) p4

·   Marshall, Serena. Obama Has Deported More People Than Any Other President” ABC News (August 29, 2016)


Sources for Dollop #369 - Ben Reitman


·   Bruns, Roger A. The Damndest Radical: The Life and World of Ben Reitman, Chicago's Celebrated Social Reformer, Hobo King, and Whorehouse Physician. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press (2001).


·   Carpenter, Mecca R. No Regrets: Dr. Ben Reitman and the Women Who Loved Him: a Biographical Memoir. Lexington MA: South Side Press (1999).

·   “Famous Old Halfway House Sold” Chicago Tribune, (08 Aug 1920) Page 21

·   Calhoun, Lucy. “Poetry Drives Ben Reitman Out of Dill Pickles: But He Plans Revenge by Starting a New Religion” Chicago Tribune, (13 May 1919) Page 17

·   “‘Ben’ Reitman Wed in Secret; Settles Down—Hazy on Happy Date, but Very Fond of Domesticity” Chicago Tribune, (22 Jan 1918) Page 1

·   “Dr. Ben Reitman Wills $250 Meal to Hobo Friends—Unique Document Pays Tribute to Mother.” Chicago Tribune, (19 Nov 1942) Page 20

·   “And His Name Will Be Ben Martindale Reitman” Chicago Tribune, (27 Feb 1918) Page 4

·   “When Hobo College Gets Going We Never Will Have To Work Again—All You Have to Do is to Stand for a Couple of Daily Lectures, Put Away Three Square Meals Each Day, and Sleep.” Detroit Free Press, (23 Jun 1907) Page 10

·   “Tar, Feathers and Brand Are Applied to Emma Goldman’s Manager at San Diego” East Oregonian, (15 May 1912) Page 1

·   “Heir to Throne—An Iowa Telegraph Operator Claims to be the Rightful Heir to the Servian Throne—Direct Descendant of King Lazar.” Evening Times-Republican, (25 May 1905), Page 2

·   “Gland Hand To Rule Hoboes’ Paradise—Dream of Chicago Man Is For Free Dispensing of Cash And Sympathy.—Dr. Ben Reitman To Found An Institution For Weary Willies—Plan For Place For Supplying Wants of All Comers With Neatness and Dispatch Is Outlined By Benefactor.” Freeport Journal-Standard, (18 May 1907) Page 3  

·   “Dismiss Charges against Reitman” Natchez Democrat, (17 Jun 1920) Page 1

·   United Press “Chicago May See Repetition of Haymarket Riot—Anarchists Take Leadership of Unemployed From Hands of Socialists—Police Prepare To Stop Demonstration If Crowds Become Inflamed By Speakers—Fifty Thousand Men To Parade—Tramp Association Represented In Motley Aggregation Which Gathers To Demand Work ” New Castle Herald, (23 Jan 1908) Page 1

·   “Dr. Ben Reitman Gets 60-Day Term—Social Revolution Press Agent Acts as His Own Lawyer.” New-York Tribune, (09 May 1916), Page 7

·   Special INS Leased Wire “Chicago ‘Hobo College’ Now Has New Name” Shamokin News-Dispatch, (27 Jun 1929) Page 2

·   Special to the Post-Dispatch “Hotel Ejects Emma Goldman—Woman Anarchist and Dr. Ben Reitman Ousted in Frisco” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, (20 April 1908) Page 4

·   “Lt. Ben Reitman, Son of ‘Hobo King,’ Dies at Camp” Suburbanite Economist, (24 Jan 1943) Page 1

·   “Billy Sunday Has a Dull Day—Fewer Trail-Hitters at Paterson, NJ—Request for Big Collection Thursday to Pay Bills—Anarchist Quarters’ Fire Hailed as a Visitation” The Boston Globe, (21 Apr 1915) Page 9

·   McIntyre, O.O. “New York Day by Day” The Buffalo Enquirer, (07 Jul 1919) Page 8

·   Chicago Tribune Service “Dill Pickle Club Head in New Role—Dr. Ben Reitman, Radical, Organizing New Religious Cult Which Will be Mixture of Many—Good Times Certain.” The Buffalo Enquirer, (16 May 1919) Page 2

·   “Emma Goldman Bruised” The Butte Miner, (01 Jun 1910) Page 9

·   Gate City Leased Wire Service “Anarchists to Rant Heads Off—Chicago Police Officer Believes The Best Plan is to Let Them Stew in Their Own Grease—Emma Goldman There—Is Billed For Four Speeches and Timid People Have Appealed to Authorities to Suppress Meetings” The Daily Gate City, (09 Jan 1910) Page 1

·   “‘Doc’ Takes Bride” The Evening News, (22 Jul 1931) Page 13

·   Associated Press “Declares Criminals Largely Harmless—Former ‘Hobo College’ Head Puts Politicians At Top Of Really Dangerous List.” The Evening Sun, (28 Jun 1933) Page 15

·   “Would Give King Peter’s Throne to a Railroader—Official Proclamation Issued Denouncing Present Ruler as a Pretender—Movement Has Started—Chicago Becomes Hub of Plan To Place New Ruler Over Balka—Resident of Country Town In Iowa Claims To Be the ‘Original’ Monarch and Starts an Aggressive Campaign For the Job” The Leavenworth Times, (01 Sep 1908) Page 1

·   Direct Wire “A fiasco—Marchers Clubbed—Chicago Hobos Are Dispersed—Reitman Leads Ten Thousand Vagrants Only a Few Blocks—Police Energetically Suppress Lawless Demonstration In Streets—Socialist Organization Contents Itself With Resolutions” The Los Angeles Times, (24 Jan 1908) Page 1

·   Brown, Constantine “Weather Said to Rule Temper of Englishmen—Ben Reitman Says That Is Reason for Britain’s Low Crime Rate” The Miami News, (16 Apr 1926) Page 13

·   “Hobo College Head Says U.S. Should Be Proud of Crime Record, Murders” The Minneapolis Star, (11 May 1926) Page 19

·   “Emma Goldman is Fined $100 in City Court—Dr. Ben Reitman, Woman’s Manager, Given Equal Punishment for Circulating Birth Control Circular—Appeals to be Taken by Both Defendants—Prosecutor Declines to Read Pamphlet Aloud in Court Room.” The Oregon Daily Journal, (07 Aug 1915) Page 1, 8

·   “May Seize Throne—Plot Against Servia Discovered at Chicago—Iowa Claimant of Crown to Be Seated if Plan of Dr. Reitman, Friend of the Unemployed, and Others Win” The Salem News, 19 Mar 1908) Page 3

·   “Hoboes at a Banquet” The Tampa Tribune, (25 May 1907) Page 9

·   The United Press “Effects of Wood Spirit” The Taylor Daily Press, (31 Dec 1919) Page 4

·   “Medicinal Beer” The Washington Herald, (19 Nov 1921) Page 6

·   Special to the Washington Post “Tramp King Plans Union—Dr. Ben Reitman Entertains Hobodom of New York City.—Interests Panhandlers and Charity Workers in His Brotherhood Welfare Movement.” The Washington Post, (15 Dec 1907) Page 16

·   “Vigilantes Entertain Industrialist—Ben Reitman, Manager for Emma Goldman, Says He Was Given Fiendish, Inhuman Treatment—Thorns Stuck Into His Ears—American Flag Stuck Down His Throat—Feeling Runs High In the south—Protest Mass Meeting In Los Angeles—Foms of Herald In San Diego Are Pied By the Vigilantes.” Tonopah Daily Bonanza, (16 May 1912) Page 1

·   “Ex-Anarchist Opens Church—Dr. Ben L. Reitman Insists Men Need Bible; Healer of Souls” Wisconsin State Journal, (05 Dec 1919) Page 11

·   Wuebker, Erin. “Taking the Venereal Out of Venereal Disease: The 1930s Public Health Campaign against Syphilis and Gonorrhea” Notches. (May 31, 2016)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Arsphenamine," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Smith, Jeff  “The Big Noise: The Free Speech Fight of 1912, Part One: Unforgettable: Long-Ago In San Diego” San Diego (May 23, 2012)