Sources for #101 - The Death of George Washington

·   Vadakan, Vibul V. MD, FAAP. “The Asphyxiating and Exsanguinating Death of President George Washington.” Presented at the Annual Miranda Lecture Series of Kaiser Permanente Bakersfield (2002). The Permanente Journal. Volume 8 No. 2. Spring 2004.

·   Markel, Dr. Howard. “Dec. 14, 1799: The excruciating final hours of President George Washington.”  PBS NewsHour. (December 14, 2014).

·   Mandal, Dr. Ananya MD. “History of Blood Transfusion.” (2017).

·   Thompson, Mary V. “Death Defied: Rather than let George Washington's body be submitted permanently to the grave, Dr. William Thornton, a friend and prominent physician, proposed a plan to "resuscitate" the recently deceased body of George Washington.” Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association.

·   Rudmann, Sally V. Textbook of Blood Banking and Transfusion Medicine. Elsevier/Saunders. (2005)


Sources for # 102 - Alfred Lawson

·   Henry, Lyell D. Zig-Zag-and-Swirl: Alfred W. Lawson's Quest for Greatness. University Of Iowa Press. (2010).

·   Lawsonomy. A site is specially prepared for those who wish to help make the world a better place. It is prepared to help you become familiar with the principles of Lawsonomy and to provide you with direct access to the knowledge that is found within the writings of Alfred William Lawson.

·   Faunce, Cy Q. The Airliner and Its Inventor, Alfred W. Lawson. Rockcastel Publishing Company, 1921.

·   Gardner, Martin. Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. Courier Corporation. (May 4, 2012)

·   Simon, Matt. “Fantastically Wrong: The Inventor of the Airliner Also Invented This Hilariously Absurd ‘Science’” Wired. (October 8, 2014.)

·   Sandford, Maggie Ryan. “11 Notes on Alfred W. Lawson, Founder of the Weirdest University Ever” Mental Floss. (February 10, 2012)

·   Felshman, Jeffrey. “Mission Implausible. Chicago Reader. (June 18, 1998.)


Sources for # 103 - Octopus Wrestling

·   “How to wrestle an octopus: The Japanese explain how to win a fight with an octopus!”

·   “Octopus Wrestling Develops Into New Skin-Diving Sport.” Toledo Blade. (November 24, 1957.),3076401&hl=en

·   Montgomery, Sy. “Deep Intellect.” Orion Magazine. (2011).

·   Zimmer, Carl. “How Smart Is the Octopus? Bright enough to do the moving-rock trick.” Slate. (June 20, 2008).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Octopus," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Menard, Wilmon. “Octopus Wrestling Is My Hobby.” Mechanix Illustrated. (April 1949).

·   Keith Veronese, Keith. “Octopus Wrestling, A Sport That Amounted To Cephalopod Home Invasion.” Gizmodo. (February 17, 2012).

·   Lacitis. Erik. “Giant octopuses weren’t the world’s best wrestlers: As quirky as the Pacific Northwest is, the World Octopus Wrestling Championships held in Tacoma in the mid-1960s qualify as one this region's most unusual events.” The Seattle Times. (March 6, 2010).


Sources for #104 - The Hippo Bill

·   Davis, Lauren. “The Remarkable Early 20th Century Plan to Farm Hippopotamuses in the US.” Gizmodo. (January 2, 2014).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Fritz Joubert Duquesne," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Miller, Greg. “The Crazy, Ingenious Plan To Bring Hippopotamus Ranching To America” Wired. (December 20, 2013).

·   Eplett, Layla. “The Hunger Game Meat: How Hippos Nearly Invaded American Cuisine: Don't have a cow but, at one point in history, it could have been that Americans weren't having cows at all. Had the country's cuisine gone on a different trajectory, Americans may have all been eating hippo meat instead.” Scientific American. (March 27, 2014).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Frederick Russell Burnham," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Mooallem, Jon. “American Hippopotamus” The Atavist Magazine no. 32


Sources for #105 - Spiderman of Denver

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Theodore Edward Coneys," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “A True Ghost Story Solves and Old Murder.” Chicago Daily Tribune. (August 1, 1942) p 1

·   Murderpedia contributors. “Theodore Edward Coneys a.k.a. ‘Denver Spider’” Murderpedia: The Encyclopedia of Murderers.

·   Mayo, Mike. American Murder: Criminals, Crime, and the Media.  Visible Ink Press. (2008)


Sources for #106 - The Fenian Raids

·   Fenian Brotherhood Congress. Proceedings of the Second National Congress of the Fenian Brotherhood, Held in Cincinnati, Ohio, January, 1865. Volume 2. James Gibbons, Printer. (1865).

·   Savage, John. Fenian Heroes and Martyrs. Boston P. Donahoe. (1868)

·   Sweeney, T.W. “THE FENIAN FOLLY; The Invasion of Canada an Acknowledged Failure. Sensation Reports About the Liberation of Fenian Prisoners. Absurd Rumor that Gen. Sweeney has Captured Kingston. That He Has Taken Two Thousand Prisoners. Also that He was Marching on Fort Erie at the Head of 12,000 Men. Major-Gen, Meade at Ogdensburgh. Dark Hints and Surmises of Another Invasion. Preparations to Prevent the Violation of Our Neutrality Laws. The Excitement Rapidly Subsiding--Colors Captured from the Canadian Volunteers--No Instructions Received to Surrender the Prisoners. Mysterious Disappearance of Three or Four Thousand Fenians from Buffalo. All Quiet Along the Lines--The Captured British Colors, &c., &c. Names of Some of the Prisoners. Gen. Meade looking after Gen. Sweeney's Base of Supplies-Head. Center O' Day Not Arrested--The Reported Capture of Kingston a Canard.” The New York Times. (June 5, 1866).

·   Steward, Patrick and Bryan P. McGovern. The Fenians: Irish Rebellion in the North Atlantic World, 1858–1876. University of Tennessee Press. (2013).

·   Rootsweb Contributor. “John O'Neill's Last Hurrah” Rootsweb, supported by

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Fenian raids," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Smith, P.G. “Fenian Raids: Invasions of British-Ruled Canada.” Military History magazine. (February 2000). posted on

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Battle of Trout River," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Fenian Brotherhood," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for #107 - General Order No. 11

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Ulysses S. Grant," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Sarna, Jonathan D. “When Gen. Grant Expelled the Jews: How a notorious anti-Semitic order changed the course of Jewish life in America—ultimately, for the better.” Slate. (March 13, 2012).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "General Order No. 11 (1862)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Jacoby, John. “Ulysses S. Grant’s greatest regret: His anti-Semitic order haunted – and drove – him. The Boston Globe. (December 5, 2012).

·   Greenspan, Jesse. “General Grant Expels Jews From His War Zone, 150 Years Ago: General Ulysses S. Grant issued arguably the most infamous anti-Semitic regulation in U.S. history 150 years ago today.” (December 17, 2012).


Sources for #108 - Douglas Mawson

·   Roberts, David. “Into the Unknown: They were 31 men at the bottom of the world exploring uncharted territory. What followed was one of the most terrifying survival stories of all time.” National Geographic. (January 2013). originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Luck-Baker, Andrew. “Douglas Mawson: An Australian hero's story of survival.” BBC News Magazine. (February 27, 2014).

·   Dash, Mike. “The Most Terrible Polar Exploration Ever: Douglas Mawson’s Antarctic Journey: A century ago, Douglas Mawson saw his two companions die and found himself stranded in the midst of Antarctic blizzards.” (January 27, 2012).

·   Day, David. “Fire and ice: Douglas Mawson and Robert Scott's widow” The Australian. (October 26, 2013)

·   Riffenburgh, Beau. Racing With Death: Douglas Mawson - Antarctic Explorer.  Bloomsbury (2013).

·   Day, David. Flaws in the Ice: In Search of Douglas Mawson. Rowman & Littlefield, (Nov 4, 2014)

·   Bickel, Lennard. Mawson's Will: The Greatest Polar Survival Story Ever Written. Steerforth Press. (2000).

·   Jacka, F. J. “Mawson, Sir Douglas (1882–1958)” Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, (MUP), (1986)


Sources for #109 - Mad Dan Morgan

·   “Morgan, The Bushranger: The Inquest.” The Argus. (April 14, 1865). p 6

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Dan Morgan (bushranger)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   “Mad Dan Morgan” State Library Victoria.

·   The Calum Maclean Project posted by Andrew Wiseman. “’Mad’ Dan Morgan: The Great Australian Robber.” The department of Celtic and Scottish Studies, University of Edinburgh (March 2014).

·   “Mad Dan Morgan gets his scrotum made into a purse: Some history of the gold rush around Dunnoly” Lateral Science Inverted: Three months in Australia

·   Penzig, Edgar F. Morgan The Murderer: A Definitive History of the Bushranger Dan Morgan Tranter Enterprises. (1989).

·   Manwaring, William Henry. “Original Manuscript / Describing Later Outrages, Pursuit and Death of / Daniel Morgan / Bushranger (1830–1865)” The LaTrobe Journal. No 5 (April 1970).

·   Sherrie, W.M. “Australian Bushrangers: Daniel Morgan.” The Sydney Morning Herald. (July 25, 1908).

·   “The Early Career of the Notorious Bushranger, Daniel Morgan.” Launceston Examiner. (April 29, 1865). p 2 -

·   “Frank Gardiner, The Bushranger: Preliminary Examination.” Bell’s Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle. (April 16, 1864). p 3

·   Loader, Thomas. “Morgan” [letter to the editor] The Argus. (November 5, 1864). p 5.

·   An Old Mail-Driver. “Tales & Sketches: Stories on the Box-seat.” Illustrated Sydney News and New South Wales Agriculturalist and Grazier. (April 17, 1880). p 10.

·   “Morgan the Bushranger’s Head.” Kilmore Free Press. (April 20, 1865). p. 2.

·   Boxall, George. The Story of the Australian Bushrangers. Swan Sonnenschein & Co. (1899).


Sources for #110 - Burke and Wills

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Burke and Wills expedition," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Robert O'Hara Burke," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   McKay, Dr. Judith. “The Burke and Wills Expedition: Tragedy and triumph” Queensland Government: Queensland State Archives. (March 2011). Originally accessed:  accessed 9/6/2019:

·   “Early Explorers.” Australian Government. Originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Bourke, Donna. “What Happened to the Camels of the Burke and Wills Expedition.” Provenance: The Journal of Public Record Office Victoria, (September 2010), Number 9. Originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Phoenix, Dave. “Burke & Wills: Melbourne to the Gulf: A brief history of the Victorian Exploring Expedition of 1860-1” Burke & Wills Web. (2006). Originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Cathcart, Michael Starvation in a Land of Plenty: Wills' Diary of the Fateful Burke and Wills Expedition. National Library Australia. (2013). 

·   Gardner, Robert. Just Representations. Studio7Arts. (2010.)

·   Murgatroyd, Sarah P. The Dig Tree: The Extraordinary Story of the Burke and Wills Expedition Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. (2002)


Sources for #111 – The Emu War


Sources for #112 - Prince Alfred Visits Australia

·   “The Duke of Edinburgh’s Visit. The Brisbane Courier. (November 25, 1867.)

·   Schreuder, Deryck Marshall and Stuart Ward, editors. Australia's Empire. Oxford University Press. (2008.)

·   Hirst, John. Looking for Australia. Black Inc. (2010.)

·   Faringdon-Davis, Gillian. “The Monarchy and its Part in Australia's Maturity.” Australian Numismatist. (1988.) pp. 68-83

·   “Lord Belmore’s Despatch on the Attempted Assassination of the Duke of Edinburgh. (From The Times, May 18)” The Argus. (August 8, 1868). p 7

·   “Medal - Royal Visit of Prince Alfred to Australia” Museums Victoria: Collections. Victoria, Australia. Item NU 20223. (1867) [coin]

·   McKenna, Mark. The Captive Republic: A History of Republicanism in Australia 1788–1996. Cambridge University Press, Melbourne. (1996).

·   Knight, John George. Narrative of the visit of His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh to the colony of Victoria, Australia. Melbourne: Mason, Firth publisher. (1868).

·   “Prince Alfred in Victoria.” The South Australian Advertiser. (February 27, 1869). p 2

·   “Prince Alfred in Victoria: The Free Banquet.” The Age. (November 29, 1867).,5731659&hl=en

·   “Prince has a whale of a time shooting in the colonies.” The Age. (January 28, 1868). reproduced in The Age (January 25, 1988).,2566075&hl=en

·   “The Durty Dook: Saxecoburg and Gotha. Rascally Royal Renegade.” West Australia Sunday Times. (August 19, 1900).

·   Bonwick, James. The Lost Tasmania Race. S. Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, (1884).

·   Mark Finnane. “No mercy for would-be assassin.” The Prosecution Project, Research Brief 6. (January 30, 2015).

·   Thorne, Emily Nuttall. “Transcript: Emily Nuttall Thorne - 'Clontarf', An Account Of The Attempted Assassination Of Prince Alfred, Duke Of Edinburgh, At Clontarf On 12 March 1868” (Mlmss 1600) originally accessed at: accessed 9/6/2019

·   Last Stop to Nowhere [podcast]. "The Ides of March: Part 1" (2014)

·   “Attempted Assassination of Prince Alfred: Great Excitement in Australia – Prince Alfred Dangerously Wounded—Instant Arrest of the would Be Assassin—His Trial and Sentence.” Daily Alta California, Volume 20, Number 6644, (May 24, 1868) p 1


Sources for #113 - Reg Spiers

·   McSorley, Julie and Marcus McSorley. Out of the Box: The Highs and Lows of a Champion Smuggler. Roaring Forties Press. (2015)

·   Network Writers, News Corp Australia. “Reg Spiers: The man who posted himself from London to Perth in a wooden box.” News Limited. 2015. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 10 July 2015]. [Accessed 6 September 2019]

·   White, Jim. The Australian javelin star who thought inside the box” The Telegraph. (October 16, 2014). [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 11 July 2015].

·   Caffrey, Jason. “The man who posted himself to Australia.” - BBC News. (March 6, 2015). [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 8 July 2015].

·   Fewster, Sean. “Drug dealing daughter of former athlete Reg Spiers jailed for six years.” The Advertiser. (February 24, 2011)

·   Akerman, Tessa “Drug charges dropped for former Commonwealth Games athlete Reg Spiers” The Advertiser. (January 9, 2013).

·   “Reg Spiers: the man who posted himself to Perth in a box.” WA Today. (March 11, 2015). [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 July 2015].

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Reg Spiers," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, [Accessed 7 July 2015].

·   Silverman, Hannah. “Ex-Commonwealth Games javelin star Reg Spiers to face drug charges.” The Advertiser. (July 18, 2012)


Sources for #114 - Alexander Pearce

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Alexander Pearce," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Tasmania," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Macquarie Harbour Penal Station," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

· (page not found; not archived on

·   Cummins, Joseph. Cannibals: Shocking True Tales of the Last Taboo on Land and at Sea. Lyons Press. (2001).

·   Cox, Robert. A Compulsion to Kill: The Surprising Story of Australia's First Serial Killers. Glass House Books. (2014).


Sources for #115 - Charley Hatfield

·   Rasmussen, Cecilia. “‘Cloud Coaxer’ Had a Stormy Career in Parched Deserts.” Los Angeles Times. (May 6, 2001)

·   Tanner, Beccy. “Ad Astra: Kansas ‘Rainmaker’ linked to one of nation’s most historic floods.” The Wichita Eagle. (November 9, 2014).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Charles Hatfield," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Vargo, Cecile Page. “The Great Pluviculturist” originally accessed: & accessed 9/6/2019: &

·   Patterson, Thomas W.  “Hatfield The Rainmaker” The Journal Of San Diego History: San Diego Historical Society Quarterly (Winter 1970), Volume 16, Number 1. originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:


Sources for #116 - The Actor Rivalry

·   The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica “William Charles Macready, English Actor.” Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1998.

·   Wikipedia contributors, "William Macready," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Astor Place Riot," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Edwin Forrest," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Simon, Scott interviews theater historian Bruce McConachie. “New York City's Opera Riots” NPR: Weekend Edition Saturday. (May 13, 2006).

·   “Theater; When ‘Macbeth’ Shook the World of Astor Place.” The New York Times. (January 12, 1992). section 2 p 5

·   Meier, Allison. “Two NYC Macbeths and the 1849 Riot sparked by Their Rivalry.” Hyperallergic. (August 15, 2014).

·   Ranney, H.M. Account Of The Terrific And Fatal Riot At The New-York Astor Place Opera House, On The Night Of May 10th, 1849; With The Quarrels Of Forrest And Macready, Including All The Causes Which Led To That Awful Tragedy! Wherein an infuriated mob was quelled by the Public Authorities and Military, with its mournful termination In The Sudden Death or Mutilation of more than Fifty Citizens, With Full And Authentic Particulars. published by H.M. Ranney (Firm). (1849)


Sources for #117 - Boston Corbett

·   Montagne, Renee. “Who Was John Wilkes Booth Before He Became Lincoln’s Assassin?” NPR: Morning Edition. (April 15, 2015)

·   Taylor, L.B. Jr. “The Survival (?) of John Wilkes Booth.” from The Ghosts of Fredericksburg …and nearby environs. published by L.B. Taylor Jr. (1991).

·   America Fun Fact of the Day Staff. “Boston Corbett: The (Insane) Killer of John Wilkes Booth.” America Fun Fact of the Day. (March 17, 2015).

·   HistoryNet Contributor(s) “John Wilkes Booth: Facts, information and articles about John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of Abraham Lincoln.”

·   Furguson, Ernest B. “The Man Who Shot the Man Who Shot Lincoln: The hatter Boston Corbett was celebrated as a hero for killing John Wilkes Booth. Fame and fortune did not follow, but madness did.” The American Scholar. (March 2009).

·   Brown, R.J., Editor in Chief. “The Postmortem Career of John Wilkes Booth.” Nonprofit Organization. accessed 9/6/2019: originally accessed:

·   Alford, Terry. “The Spiritualist Who Warned Lincoln Was Also Booth’s Drinking Buddy: What did Charles Colchester know and when did he know it?” Smithsonian Magazine. (March 2015).

·   Hiskey, Daven. “John Wilkes Booth’s Brother Saved Abraham Lincoln’s Son’s Life Shortly Before Lincoln Was Assassinated.” Today I Found Out. (November 1, 2010).

·   Jensen, Bill. “The Insane Story of the Guy Who Killed the Guy Who Killed Lincoln: Meet Boston Corbett, the self-castrated hatmaker who was John Wilkes Booth's Jack Ruby.” The Washingtonian. (April 12, 2015).

·   Cohen, Jennie. “Who Was Mary Surratt?” History. (April 11, 2011).

·   Klein, Christopher. “The John Wilkes Booth Mummy That Toured America: Decades after his reported death, John Wilkes Booth had a second box-office career when his purported mummy became a carnival attraction.” History. (April 17, 2015)

·   Reynolds, David S. “John Wilkes Booth and the Higher Law: Was Abraham Lincoln's assassin inspired by the militant abolitionist John Brown?”  The Atlantic. (April 12, 2015).

·   Wikipedia contributors, "George Atzerodt," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Abraham Lincoln," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Assassination of Abraham Lincoln," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,


Sources for #118 - The Battle of Brisbane

·   Tilston, John. Meanjin to Brisvegas: Snapshots of Brisbane's journey from colonial backwater to new world city. (2014).

·   Thompson, Peter A. & R. Macklin. The Battle of Brisbane: Australians and the Yanks at War. ABC Books for the Australian Broadcasting Corp (2000)

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Eddie Leonski," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   O’Lincoln, Tom. “A Mutiny Against Racism.” (February 15, 2012).

·   Willis, Keith Edward. “Battle of Brisbane.” originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Bell, Morgan. “Battle of Brisbane: 26 Nov 1942 - 27 Nov 1942” World War II Database. (2010).

·   Evans, Raymond and Jacqui Donegan. “The Battle of Brisbane.” Politics and Culture. (2004) Issue 4.

·   Lowe, David. “Riot Acts: The history of Australian rioting. A documentary series for television.”  (1993).


Sources for 119 - The Batavia

·   Dash, Mike. Batavia's Graveyard: The True Story of the Mad Heretic Who Led History's Bloodiest Mutiny. Crown/Archetype. (2002). Kindle Edition.

·   Pelasert, Francisco. “Ongeluckige voyagie, van't schip Batavia, nae Oost-Indien” [Unlucky Voyage of the Vessel Batavia to the East Indies.] (1648). (The translation of the "Ongeluckige voyagie, van’t schip Batavia" was taken from The Western Mail of December 24, 1897. The Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales) originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Batavia (ship)," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   McConnell, Bill. “The Batavia.” The Grey Company. (1996).

·   Paterson, Alistair and Daniel Franklin. “The 1629 Mass Grave for Batavia Victims, Beacon Island, Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia” Academia


Sources for 120 - The Mad Gasser

·   Maruna, Scott.  Mad Gasser of Mattoon: Dispelling the Hysteria. Swamp Gas Book Co. (2003).

·   Gable, Andrew D.“Mystery asphyxiations in Coatesville (1944)” Masks of Mesingw. (April 3, 2011).

·   Taylor, Troy. “Mad Gassers! Phantom Attackers in Virginia & Illinois.” Unexplained America: Strange & Unsolved Mysteries from America’s Haunted Past. (2002). originally accessed: accessed on 9/6/2019:

·   Morphy, Rob. “Mad Gassers of America.” Mysterious Universe. (June 27, 2011). accessed on 9/6/2019: originally accessed:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Carbon tetrachloride," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Environmental Protection Agency. “Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants.” United States. originally accessed: accessed 9/6/2019:

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Trichloroethylene," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

· (page has been moved; not archived at

·   Wikipedia contributors, "Mass psychogenic illness," (originally cited as “Mass Hysteria”)Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia,

·   Charla. “Mad Gassers.” The Shadowlands. (2004)

·   Penaluna, Reagan. “Why Does Mass Hysteria Affect Mostly Women?” Nautilus. (April 7, 2015.)

·   Hughes, Sarah. “Teen girls and mass hysteria: new novel tackles rare and mysterious illness.” The Guardian. (May 26, 2014)

·   Goode, Erich and Robert E. Bartholomew. “Mass Delusions and Hysterias.” Skeptical Inquirer. Volume 24, No. 3 (May/June 2000). accessed 9/6/2019: originally accessed:

·   Smart, Jeffrey K. “History of chemical and biological warfare: an American perspective” from Textbook of Military Medicine: Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare. Published by the Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, United States of America. (1997). originally accessed:  accessed 9/6/2019: